Indian Family Values Essay

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India offers great diversity in almost every aspect of social life. Diversity of race, language, region, economy, religion, class, and caste group is pervasive in Indian society, which is also riddled with vast urban, rural, and gender differences. The differences between North and South India are very important, especially in the systems of kinship and marriage. Indian society is so multifaceted that perhaps no other major world civilization has ever heard of it. Indian society is as diverse as Europe, than any nation-state. To bring diversity to contemporary Indian culture, changes are occurring rapidly, affecting different regions and socio-economic groups in different ways. But amid the complexity of Indian life, widespread cultural themes contribute to harmony and social order.


India is a hierarchical society. Whether it is North or South India, Hindu or Muslim, urban or rural, almost every object, person, or social group is classified according to different basic qualities. Although India is a political democracy, the concept of complete equality is rarely felt in everyday life. Social class is manifested in caste groups, interpersonal, family, and kin groups. Castes are most associated with Hinduism, but caste groups also exist in Muslim, Indian, Christian, and other religious communities. In most villages or hamlets, everyone knows the relative rank of each locally represented caste, and behavior is constantly shaped according to this knowledge.

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People are also ranked according to wealth and power. For example, some strong or 'large' ones sit confidently on chairs, while 'little ones' do not sit next to equals, but stand or squat in front of them to pray. Hierarchies also play an important role in the family and kinship groups. Men precede women of their age, and older relatives precede younger relatives. In North India, for example, the daughter-in-law shows respect for her husband, elderly parents, and all the daughters in the house. Siblings also recognize the age difference, but the younger brother greets the older brother with respect, not by name.

Purity and Pollution

Much of the difference in status in Indian society is expressed in ceremonial purity and defilement, a complex concept that varies widely between castes, religious groups, and regions. As a rule, high status is associated with cleanliness and low status is associated with environmental pollution. Every purity is unique. For example, members of the higher caste of brahmins or monks are born purer than members of the lower caste, born as scavengers or purifiers. Other types of chastity are more temporary. For example, a Brahmin who has just bathed is cleaner than a Brahmin who has not bathed all day.

Purity is associated with sanctification rituals such as bathing daily in running water, wearing freshly laundered clothes, eating only caste-appropriate food, and avoiding physical contact with much lower people and other adults. involved in the product of death or Violence usually infects deliberately.

Social Interdependence

One of the major themes surrounding Indian life is social interdependence. People are born into groups such as families, clans, podcasts, castes, and denominations and have a deep sense of belonging to these groups. People are very connected with others, and for many, their biggest fear is the possibility of being alone without social support. Family members usually experience strong emotional interdependence. Economic activity is also deeply rooted in social relations. Through many family ties, each was connected with relatives in near and far villages and villages. Almost everywhere a person finds relatives who can receive moral and practical support.

In any activity, social connections can help people, and the lack of connections can lead to failure. People rarely perform even the simplest tasks alone. When the child eats, the mother puts the food into his mouth with her own hands. Someone helped her lower the pot as the girl brought water from a well in a pot over her head. A student wants to help an influential relative or friend get into college. A young man expects his parents to arrange a wedding for him. Finally, a person nearing the end of life expects a loved one to give a proper funeral to ensure a smooth transition to the next life and strengthen social bonds between mourners.

This interdependence extends to theology as well. The child learns from birth that his 'destiny' is 'written' by divine forces and that his life is shaped by a powerful god who must always be in contact with him.

Family Ideals

The main themes of Indian cultural life are learned in the family. The common family is highly valued and ideal for generations to live, work, eat, and worship together. The family consists of a male, his wife, children, and an unmarried daughter. The wife has an important relationship with the husband's family but usually lives with the husband's relatives. Despite India's rapid modernization, traditional shared furniture remains an important social force, ideally and in practice, for most Indians.

Large families are especially prone to flexibility and adaptation to modern Indian life, with more than two-thirds of Indians working in agriculture. As in most agricultural societies, working together among relatives contributes to overall economic stability. Shared families are also common in cities, where family ties are often needed to secure employment or financial support. Many prominent families such as Tata, Birlas, and Sarabhai maintained a common family contract, working together to control large financial empires.

While the long-standing ideal of the ordinary family came into power, today's real-life conditions are very different. Many Indians live in small families, such as couples with unmarried children, but have strong family ties. Often family groups live like neighbors who are ready to fulfill their family responsibilities.

Family authority and harmony

In Indian families, the boundaries between hierarchy and authority are clearly defined, and idealized behavior helps maintain family harmony. [i] All members of the family are trained to accept the authority of those higher in the hierarchy. The elder is the head of the family, the wife takes care of the daughter-in-law, and the younger has the least authority. Instead, the authorities are responsible for providing for the needs of other family members. Family fidelity is a deeply rooted ideal, and family solidarity is emphasized, especially in contrast to those who do not belong to the family. Within the family, the connection between spouses and the connection between parents and children is not emphasized, which expands the range of family harmony. For example, public displays of affection between partners are considered highly inappropriate.

Traditionally, men have controlled important family resources such as land and business, especially at higher levels. According to traditional Hindu law, women do not inherit property, so they are indebted to their male relatives who manage the land and buildings. According to common Islamic law, women can and can inherit property, but usually have a smaller share than men. Modern law allows all Indian women to inherit property. Traditionally, women shared wealth in the form of gems with families who could afford it.

The veil and female isolation

An important aspect of Indian family life is the purdah (Hindi purdah, 'curtain') or veil and female isolation. In many parts of northern and central India, especially in rural areas, Hindu and Muslim women follow elaborate rules to cover themselves and avoid public appearances, especially in front of married relatives and strangers. The practice of Purdah is associated with a model of strength and family harmony. The Hindu and Islamic celebrations of Purdah differ in several important ways, but the concepts of feminine modesty and humility, family honor, and prestige are very important to Purdah in their various forms. Purdah's restrictions are generally stricter for women from high-status conservative families. [ii] Restrictions and prohibitions on women in almost every aspect of life are important to Purdah, as they limit women's access to power and control over vital resources in a male-dominated society.

Hindu women from conservative families cover their faces and remain silent both at home and in society. The young daughter-in-law even covered her mother-in-law. These practices emphasize respectful relationships, limit unauthorized gatherings, and strengthen family relationships. Muslim women mostly wear the hijab outside the home, while conservative women may wear a black burqa that covers the entire body. Such a purdah protects the sexual integrity of women and families from strangers. In southern India, purdah is rarely used except by a few minority groups. Today, the practice of purdah is declining in northern and central India and is also rapidly disappearing among urban dwellers and rural elites. Although female chastity and modesty are still highly valued, the hijab has disappeared from the progressive realm as educational and employment opportunities for women have increased.

Caste and Class

Castes are classified as groups of same-sex marriages (marriages) in which membership is granted at birth. There are thousands of broadcasts and podcasts in India with hundreds of millions of people participating. This large kinship group forms the basis of South Asia's social structure. Castes give a sense of belonging to a recognized group of people who can count on support in a variety of situations. The word 'caste' comes from the Portuguese 'casta' meaning 'good', 'racial', or 'kind'. Indian terms sometimes translated as castes include Varna, Jati, Jat, Viradri, and Samaj. Varna, or color, actually falls into four main categories, spanning several castes. Other terms refer to castes and caste divisions, often referred to as podcasts.

Many castes are related to ordinary occupations, such as priests, potters, barbers, carpenters, leatherworkers, butchers, and launderers. Members of higher-ranking castes tend to be larger prosperous than folks of lower-ranking castes, who regularly go through poverty and social disadvantage. The so-called 'Untouchables' had been historically relegated to polluting tasks. Since 1935, 'Untouchables' have been stated as 'Scheduled Castes,' and Mahatma Gandhi recognised as them Harijans, or 'Children of God.' Today, the politically proper time length for these groups, who make up some 16% of the population, is Dalit, or 'Oppressed.' Other groups, generally referred to as tribes (often referred to as 'Scheduled Tribes') are in addition built into the caste computer to a variety of degrees.

In previous decades, Dalits in excellent areas had to exhibit immoderate deference to high-status people and have been barred from most temples and wells. Such degrading discrimination was once as soon outlawed under law surpassed the period of rule and used to be repudiated using the capacity of the use of pre-independence reform strikes led through the way of the use of Mahatma Gandhi and Bhimrao Ramji (B.R.) Ambedkar, a Dalit leader. After independence in 1947, Dr. Ambedkar almost single-handedly wrote India's constitution, which encompasses provisions barring caste-based discrimination. However, Dalits as a crew nevertheless go through sizeable disadvantages, regularly in rural areas.

In recent years, key modifications have befell in caste observances. It is now legally and socially unacceptable to brazenly advocate any caste's superiority or inferiority, and lower caste corporations are flexing their political muscle. Even as common hierarchies weaken, caste identities are being reinforced, especially amongst disadvantaged agencies with rights to one-of-a-kind educational benefits and huge quotas reserved for them in electoral workplaces and government jobs. In protest in opposition to Hinduism's rigid rankings, lots of Dalits have embraced Buddhism, following the example of the revered B.R. Ambedkar.

India is but one of many nations facing these vital troubles and is now not by myself in looking for solutions. For many centuries, the people of India have shown strength in growing manageable order from complexity, bringing together broadly disparate corporations in structured efforts to benefit the wider society, encouraging concord amongst humans with divergent interests, understanding that close relatives and friends can count number upon every other, allocating one-of-a-kind duties to these with different skills, and striving to do what is morally right in the eyes of the divine and the community. These are some of the great strengths upon which Indian society can rely as it seeks to meet the challenges of the future.

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Indian Family Values Essay. (2024, February 29). Edubirdie. Retrieved June 23, 2024, from
“Indian Family Values Essay.” Edubirdie, 29 Feb. 2024,
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