In this paper I will be discussing three key issues within the criminal justice profession which pertain to white collar crimes. The issues which will include: money laundering, racketeering and fraud. I will address the key points regarding these issues, create a time line from earlier crimes to crimes today as well as identify and describe multicultural and diversity issues. I will explain how members of society are aware of the duties and responsibilities within the criminal justice system. Explain the different perceptions of society, as well as the negative stereotypes associated with the criminal justice profession. Understanding how everyone is different and therefore have different cultures and beliefs that help officers of the court determine how best to proceed. To better understand the impact the criminal justice system has on society, it is vital that they understand how all of this works together to help create a better system.
Multiculturalism is defined as, “the policy or practice of giving overt recognition to the cultural needs and contributions of all the groups in a society, esp. of those minority groups regarded as having been neglected in the past” (Dictionary, 2014). Now ask yourself, how does this play a role in the criminal justice system? People have different beliefs in terms of cultural, religion, the thought process for how their government should work and even how their criminal justice system works. One group of people may think one thing is okay while another group see the same thing very differently. We as Americans experience this difference on a daily basis. America is a melting pot of differences, so we as a country are more exposed to it compared to other countries who may have very predominant beliefs. No matter how good someone might be at their job, situations that they are unfamiliar with, might make them feel uncomfortable. There are different ways that law enforcement officials can learn to be more comfortable, while helping the people they serve. A great example of this would be going beyond normal academy training. A more in-depth way is to seek additional training and classes on multiculturalism or classes on different ethnic groups. For example, some law enforcement agencies require that candidates be able to learn a secondary language. The same can be said for the issue on diversity. Officers can have a different approach for example, when serving the community, officers can try to be more personally relatable rather than professional. This could help by making the community feel more comfortable while maintaining the authority and respect they deserve as officers. A simple change in attitude can change the perception of a crowd, it can make them feel more eased rather than hostile. Now, how does this translate into the criminal justice system? Studies have shown that money laundering, racketeering and fraud are far more likely to happen in the upper in-come class of society rather than the lower in-come class of society. However, it can start in the lower classes of society, just in a different way.
Members of society have become more aware of the duties and responsibilities within the criminal justice system. The more society grows the more multicultural and diverse the United States becomes as mentioned before, the United States has become a melting pot of different cultures and diversities. Jeremiah Mosteller is a criminal justice reform policy liaison who has done some studies on the changes of policing in America. He had mentioned “The American public respect their local law enforcement agencies but have increasingly come to view police as warriors and enforcers, not guardians. In fact, almost a third of the public now view their local police as serving an enforcer role instead of a protector role” (Jeremiah Mosteller, 2018). While situation can be very different at times, it seems as if the way America polices now as compared to 20 years ago has had a major impact on society. It is the criminal justice professional’s duty, to make sure everyone is treated fairly and with the up most respect, maintaining and following all regulations both state and federal. Regardless of the crime committed, criminal justice professionals must treat every crime as different and maintain an unbiased presences, while making the best decision based off the circumstances and evidence of that specific crime. The members of society know and understand this. They hold law enforcement officials to this standard and when this standard is not met, society begins to develop the negative stereotypes associated with the criminal justice profession. This is a change that continues to happen slowly and has for the last 20 years.
Over the past two decades, there have been some wrongful acts committed by law enforcement officials. Society has noticed and its views have changed about law enforcement. Does it seem right to punish law enforcement officials or the criminal justice system as a whole because there were some who failed to maintain their bearings and integrity? No, just like it is unfair for the justice system to make judgment calls solely based on a person’s ethnic group, religion, or any other belief. We have seen this happen in the past, during the time when the mafia controlled major white collar crime organizations. More specifically, the mob or mafia was comprised of Italian-American members and this drew the attention of the law to anyone of this ethnicity. It was a common mistake but happened very often. White collar crimes are still a major factor in today’s society and some still think the mafia plays a big part. Recently, Gambino crime family leader, Frank Cali was gunned down just outside his home in Staten Island, NY. This marked the first targeted killing of a Mafia boss in the city since the death of the then head of the Gambino family, Paul Castellano, in 1985. The Mafia now consist of the Five Families, Gambino, Bonanno, Colombo, Genovese, and Lucchese. “After Gotti received a life sentence for murder and racketeering in 1992, the mob retreated to their caves,’ (Selwyn Raab, 2019). So how’s business? The Mafia moved back to their “bread and butter” after Gotti went down. Cali keep everything in the shadows to keep the eyes of the law away from him and the Gambino Family. The bread and butter for the Mafia consist of rackets: illegal gambling, loan-sharking, extortion, and drugs, mostly heroin. So will there always be white collar crimes? Yes, the criminal world see the risk to reward in favor of them, so white collar crime will most likely always be a part of American history and the history to come.
In closing, we now see that every aspect of criminal justice professions can be tied to one another. Society ties to crime, the crime to police, police to the courts and finally the courts to the corrections. Regardless if it is issues with society, multiculturalism and diversity, the duties and responsibilities of the criminal justice professionals or a little of everything, having a negative perception of the criminal justice system is something the criminal justice professional’s will have to always combat. In order for this issue to be fixed, the public and justice system must work together in harmony. The downside to that is, sometimes it only takes the mind and actions of one person to completely ruin all the hard work put forth on building a better relationship between the public and criminal justice professionals.