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Research Essay on Bullying

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Bullying is a psychological or physical, of a less powerful person by a more powerful person, it can also be done by a group of people. Bullying is generally a form of aggressive behavior among children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. Bullies are aggressive, tough, and impulsive. Victims are rejected, anxious, and unpopular. Bullying is important due to the similarities to crime violence and other types of aggressive behavior. Bullying can easily be detected by upper authority figures because it’s not just a one-time thing, it’s reoccurring. There are different types of bullying; cyberbullying, verbal, social, and physical. Cyberbullying is a new form of aggression that has come to the surface about a few years ago. Cyberbullying occurs through modern technology, specifically through the internet or mobile devices. Verbal bullying is a way a woman can show their superiority, and power, and dominate others. This type of bullying can lead to various other issues such as depression, and low self-esteem. Social bullying involves hurting someone’s reputation, or relationship. Social bullying can include various things, such as leaving someone out on purpose, telling other children not to be friends with someone, or spreading rumors about someone. Physical bullying mostly occurs in males, but females may be the perpetrators. “bullies may have any number of reasons for bullying others, such as wanting more control over others, and wanting to fit in.”

Bullying is a psychological or physical, of a less powerful person by a more powerful person, it can also be done by a group of people. “Bullying is a form of abuse that is based on an imbalance of power; it can be defined as a systematic abuse of power.” Bullying in school children is quite high, some studies show that almost half of children were bullies, and over half were victims. Bullies are said to be “aggressive, tough, strong, confident, and impulsive. Victims are said to be “unpopular, lonely, rejected, anxious, depressed, unwilling to retaliate, and lacking in self-esteem.” Most bullying cases happen in areas where adult supervision is minimal. Bullying may be “reinforced by enjoyment and status, and hence the bully may become more likely to engage in other aggressive behavior.” Bullying is important due to the similarities to crime, criminal violence, and other types of aggressive antisocial behavior. “Bullying arises from interactions between potential offenders and potential victims in environments that provide opportunities.” Bullying is more like to be detected because its often likely to be reoccurring between two people who know each other. Researchers think it’s easier to implement and evaluate bullying programs in schools than it is to implement crime programs in communities. “The explosion of recent research on bullying has led to quick advances in knowledge but has been carried out historically, failing to benefit from research in related fields such as criminology.” There are many types of bullying that anyone can experience rather you’re a child or an adult, that people rarely speak about. There is physical, verbal, social, and cyberbullying.

Cyberbullying is a new form of aggression has come about years ago. Which occurs through modern technology, specifically through the internet or mobile devices. “Research on this topic is still at an early stage of investigation; the phenomenon only appeared a few years ago, as the use of electronic devices such as computers and mobile phones by young people has increased.” A report in London detailed by students ranging from the age 11-16 years old. The students have divided cyberbullying into seven subcategories: “text message bullying, picture/video clip bullying (through mobile phones), phone call bullying (via mobile phones), email bullying, chat-room bullying, bullying through instant messaging and bullying via websites. Cyberbullying cannot just happen within children; it can also happen in adults. The type of threatening and intimidating behaviors adults undertakes fit within the explanation of cyberbullying. One difference between cyberbullying and traditional bullying is the difficulty of getting away from it. With cyberbullying being about aggression over the internet, the internet is forever, so it can indefinitely be hard to get away from a cyberbully. Gender in cyberbullying, researchers believe is mixed, one is not greater than the other. “Boys have rather consistently been more frequent perpetrators of physical bullying; with less difference for verbal aggression, and many findings of at least relatively more girl involvement in indirect or relational bullying.” “Because most cyberbullying is not face-to-face, the gender balance in bullying might be skewed more towards girls than is found for conventional bullying.” Some studies have not reported on which gender is said to be targeted more, but in their opinion found that girls are getting targeted more significantly through text messages and phone calls, rather than boys. Another researcher “compared the effect of cyberbullying to traditional bullying and found that picture/video clip and phone call bullying, were perceived as having a higher negative impact compared to that of traditional bullying, text message roughly equal and email bullying as having a lower impact.” In conclusion, we wonder if students/adults are willing to seek help for their experiences of cyberbullying. If children think adults are unaware of cyberbullying, they may be less likely to report it.

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Verbal bullying is said to be the province of girls. Girls use verbal bullying to show their superiority, and power, and to dominate others. “Verbal bullying can affect one’s self-image and affect someone in emotional and psychological ways.” This type of bullying can lead to various other issues such as low self-esteem, depression, as well as various other problems. If a person is already having issues within their selves, problems at home can be aggravating. Verbal bullying can lead to other serious problems, a victim could already be depressed from it, wanting to escape that they would turn to substance abuse or even resulting in taking their own life. “In the end, words have a power all their own, and the realities of verbal bullying can have very physical consequences, even if the aggressor never lays a finger on the victim.” In almost all cases it is hard for any authority figures to detect verbal bullying because there is no physical harm done to the victim. Parents should always be aware of what is going on in their child’s life. If their child was to be a victim of verbal bullying, parents should always make sure they are comfortable talking to them about it. Always be aware of some of the signs in your child, for instance: “reluctance to go to school, complaints that no one likes him or her, prolonged depression, a drop-in school performance, or drastic changes in eating and sleeping patterns.” Verbal bullying can never be easy, especially for the victim. The person behind the verbal bullying, you should make sure they're doing alright Also, you never know what another person is going through. That child/adult could be struggling with issues within their selves or having issues at home. Always ask questions first before yelling at the bullying. “You can set a good example for your children by speaking kindly of others, and not resorting to rudeness yourself.” “This is quite important since many verbal bullies first learn to dominate others with words by listening to their parents, and how they interact with others.” Children feed off adults, they are like a sponge they soak up whatever they see.

Social and physical bullying is somewhat different than verbal and cyberbullying. “Social bullying sometimes referred to as relational bullying, involves hurting someone’s reputation or relationships. Social bullying includes leaving someone out on purpose, telling other children not to be friends with someone, spreading rumors about someone, or embarrassing someone in public.” Social bullying can happen anywhere between anyone, it can happen between large groups, small social networks, relationships, and close friendships. Social bullying can either be proactive or reactive. Being proactive you are “used to achieve or maintain social position, gain attention, or alleviate boredom. Being reactive “or retaliatory, in nature, in response to a perceived threat or to feelings of anger, jealousy, or betrayal.” There are different types of social bullying, and knowing the motive of the student’s actions can help identify how to effectively intervene. Different forms of social bullying include, direct and indirect. An example of direct bullying would be if you’re telling the other children that they are not wanted in a particular group. An example of indirect social bullying would be telling other children to exclude someone from certain activities. Spreading rumors about someone would be an example of social bullying. Embarrassing someone in public is an example of direct social bullying.

Physical bullying is the most common form of bullying. Physical bullying occurs more in males, females may be the perpetrators or victims of bullying. “Bullies may have any number of reasons for bullying others, such as wanting more control over others, and wanting to fit in.” “Bullies are often physically stronger than their victims and have friends who condone their behavior.” Any type of bullying is unacceptable in adults and children. Anyone who partakes in any form of bullying should face consequences.


    1. Farrington, David P. “Understanding and Preventing Bullying.” Crime and Justice, vol. 17, 1993, pp. 381–458. JSTOR, Accessed 4 Apr. 2020.
    2. Faucher, Chantal, Jackson, Margaret, Cassidy, & Wanda. (2014, November 4). Cyberbullying among University Students: Gendered Experiences, Impacts, and Perspectives. Retrieved from
    3. Physical Bully. (2015, July 21). Retrieved from
    4. Smith, Peter K. “Cyberbullying: Another Main Type of Bullying?” Wiley Online Library, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 26 Nov. 2007,
    5. What is Verbal Bullying and How to Handle Verbal Bullies? (2015, July 21). Retrieved from
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Research Essay on Bullying. (2023, November 15). Edubirdie. Retrieved November 30, 2023, from
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