The psychology is the scientific study of the mind and behavior. The word psychology comes from The Greek words psychic means life and 'logos' means interpretation. Psychology is common
Psychology is the study of the human mind and behavior. The theme revolves around how those around us think, what kind of feelings they are experiencing, how they act and interact and what motivates them. The students of psychology learn to understand why they behave in a certain way, how they respond to the world around them and the main factors that can affect it. These can be social, biological, cognitive, or emotional.
Using scientific methods, psychologists explain our behavior. Knowing what to look for, they scan, test, and use statistics to find patterns. But instead of simply explaining human behavior, psychologists use their experiences to provide support and generate positive change.
There is a superimposition between the psychology and a series of other disciplines like medicine, the anthropology, the philosophy, the biology and the linguistics.
Famous people who studied psychology
Various Hollywood actors studied psychology, including actor Natalie Portman, producer Jerry Bruckheimer, director Wes Craven, actor Marcia Cross and Jon Stewart.
Other renowned psychology graduates include the singer; Lil Wayne, the hip-hop artist; and Monica Lewinsky, former White House Fellow.
Guy Kawasaki, the former chief evangelist for Apple, best known for bringing the first Macintosh to the market, also studied psychology. The founder of Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg, studied psychology, along with computer science, but dropped out of college during the second year of his career to devote his time to creating the social network.
Religious psychologists have long suspected that belief in the paranormal could serve as a shield against the harshest truths in the world. The idea is that when something unexpected happens - death, natural disaster, or job loss - the brain tries to find answers by searching for meaning in the chaos. “It's such a repulsive state that if it can't be controlled objectively, we get it by noticing more structures around us, even if they don't exist, asking people to recall times when they felt unruly, you can. She found that people see illusory forces at work. This included observing patterns in random movements of the stock market, for example, but it could also appear when linking two unrelated events, such as the belief that knocking on wood for good luck would increase your chances of being interviewed.
“Shortly after World War II, Winston Churchill visited the White House when it is said that he had a strange experience. After taking a long whiskey and cigar bath, he reportedly entered an adjoining bedroom where he was greeted by the ghost of Abraham Lincoln. Undeterred, even completely naked, Churchill said clearly, “Good evening, Mr. President. It seems to put me at a disadvantage. The spirit smiled and disappeared.
Paranormal phenomena are supposed phenomena that are described in popular and popular culture and other areas of non-scientific knowledge, the existence of which in these contexts is described as beyond ordinary experience or scientific explanation. '
In contrast, those who openly support the existence of the paranormal base their arguments not on empirical evidence, but on anecdotes, testimonies and suspicions. Notable paranormal beliefs include those associated with ESP (such as telepathy), spiritism, and the pseudosciences of ghost hunting, cryptozoology, and ufology.
This can be considered the best part of pseudoscience. Outside of the natural sciences, it depends on human explanations for the more complex events. Therefore, unusual phenomena include Exxon consciousness, telekinesis, ghosts, polyester doctors, life after death, reincarnation, faith healing, blindness, etc. The explanations for these related events are unclear, such as 'psychic forces', 'labor camps', etc. This is in stark contrast to many other abnormal scientific explanations, although it is very bad science and is still scientifically accepted.
Abnormal psychology can be defined as the study of unusual behaviors and experiences, including (but not limited to) those that are often termed 'paranormal.' It seeks to understand the strange experiences that many people go through, without assuming a priori that there is something paranormal in them. This involves an attempt to explain paranormal and related beliefs and supposedly paranormal experiences in terms of known physical and psychological factors.
If paranormal forces do not really exist, how can we explain the widespread belief in them and the considerable minority of the population who claim to have had a direct personal experience of the paranormal? One possible answer is that there are certain events and experiences that may appear to be related to the paranormal, but can in fact be fully explained in non-paranormal, usually psychological terms. This is the approach taken by anomalous psychologists. In general, anomalous psychologists try to explain such phenomena in terms of known psychological effects, such as hallucinations, false memories, unreliable eyewitness accounts, placebo effects, suggestibility, reasoning biases, etc.
Qualifications and training
The abnormal psychology course is offered as a module of the Psychology Undergraduate and Postgraduate Program accredited by the British Psychological Association (BPS) and the American Psychological Association. The university with US and UK faculties is one of a relatively small group of similar faculty offering such course options, although their number is increasing.
In general, abnormal psychologists try to explain such phenomena in terms of known psychological effects such as hallucinations, false memories, unreliable eyewitness testimony, placebo effects, suggestibility, reasoning bias. It is noteworthy that in just a few decades, abnormal psychologists have created many examples of reproducible effects that adequately explain the so-called paranormal phenomenon.
Abnormal psychology is definitely on the rise. Now, not only is it offered as an option for many psychology degree programs, it is also an option for the UK's most popular A2 psychology program. Every year more books and articles are published in high-quality journals in this field, and more conferences and symposiums on abnormal psychology are held. There is no doubt that abnormal psychology is developing.
Research in the unit covers all topics in abnormal psychology, including (but not limited to):
- Cognitive biases associated with so-called paranormal activities.
- Personality traits associated with supernatural beliefs and experiences.
- To develop and maintain supernatural and related beliefs.
Functions of supernatural and related beliefs
- Changing states of consciousness
- Dissociative states, including dissociative personality disorder.
- Psychology of deception and self-deception, psychology of chance.
Currently, this field of psychology (anamolic psychology) has received little attention in INDIA and its importance is underestimated and is considered a snobbery. However, clinical practice in the UK and USA is a growing field, with careers in academics, research scientists, professors, and investigative psychologists.
Exposure to abnormal psychology can not only cause people to question supernatural claims, but also to challenge strong religious beliefs. One of the implicit messages of abnormal psychology is: 'Question everything, but use appropriate critical thinking tools.' For some people, this will be a problem they choose not to face.
For those taking on the challenge, abnormal psychology can be an extremely useful topic. The wide variety of topics covered is outstanding. On the one hand, they are very entertaining stories of scam methods that cheaters use to convince players that they have real psychic abilities, and also examine the psychological processes that lead many more people to a false but sincere belief. they are psychic themselves.
He will be able to question superstitions, blind practices, tyranny of black magic, verify the scientific justification of religion, which is sometimes used by politicians to manipulate people and to aid the development of society and a promising futuristic society.
Anomalistic psychology should be seen as a complement to parapsychology, not as a precaution. To date, the wider scientific community is still not convinced by the evidence parapsychologists put forward to support paranormal claims. But at some point in the future, if parapsychologists manage to produce sustained and reproducible paranormal effects under well-controlled conditions, abnormal psychologists will serve them greatly. They will help them separate the wheat from the chaff, distinguishing the truly paranormal from the only visible.
But of course it may turn out to be nothing but straw. However, if that's the case, that's pretty interesting nonsense! Many ghost sightings appear to be based on sleep-related hallucinatory experiences. Understanding alien abduction allegations and hypnotic past lives will almost certainly improve our understanding of false memories. Claims about mental recovery need to be scrutinized in terms of what they tell us about the placebo effects and the power of suggestion. These are just a few examples of how abnormal psychology can provide insights that are not only fascinating in themselves but have meanings far beyond the paranormal world.