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Achievement Motivation Among Government and Private School Students of Mansa District

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Abstract:

The motive behind the teaching-learning process is to provide right direction which is the appropriate beginning point of achievement motivation. The aim of the present research is to study the achievement motivation of school with relation to their Gender in the villages of Mansa district. The sample consisted of 60 Secondary school going students randomly selected from two villages of Mansa District. Out of which 30 were government school students and 30 were private school students. For the investigation Achievement Motivation scale of Prof. Pratibha Deo, &Dr. Asha Mohan (2011) was used. The Descriptive Survey Method was used for the Collection of data. The obtained data was analyzed through the’t’ test to know the significant difference between the boys and girls in the Government and Private school student and a significant difference in Achievement Motivation of Government school students. The result showed that the girls of Private school students exhibited significantly higher achievement motivation in comparison to boys of Private school students. Similarly, students of Private school have significantly higher in Achievement Motivation in comparison to Government school students.

Keywords: Achievement Motivation, Private and Government School Students

Introduction

Now a days in an ambitious society every individual wish to have higher aspiration of achievement. The element of conduct is observed as a basic determinant for exclusive development and strive to have civic progress. The contemporary community cannot accomplish its target of productive growth, professional progress, and educative elevation without fully mobilizing the capabilities of its inhabitants because open-minded citizens are said to be most worthy for the society. The term motivation is that sense of inducement of any organism which assemble the activity in a careful and directive way. It is a force that activates the individual’s actions. It has a psychological identity that stimulates the interest of learners in the learning task. Franken (2002) opined that these set of people would like to get immediate regular concrete feedback on how well they are performing a task. The motive of the teaching-learning process is to provide righteous path which is the exact spring board of achievement motivation. It is the definitive indication of desire, attempt and endurance. When the human being thinks that his progress will be assessed in relation to some sort of regulation of perfection at that time such type of behavior will be performance-based. There is the comprehensive inclination of individual which attempt to exceed and outshine and to edge forward from others. This drift is called as self-possession and self-accusation which strive to have some kind of motive of accomplishment. For this motivation gives energetic strength to students for learning and exploring and teachers for teaching and elaborating ideas. Thus the present research is made to study the achievement motivation of government and private school students of Mansa District.

Review Of Related Literature

Noureen & Naz (2011) examined the achievement and its relationship with achievement motivation and self concept on a sample of 336 secondary school students (146 males and 172 females ) from public and private schools of Sargodha district. The results showed significant gender difference and higher achievement motivation level among students and found higher significant correlation between academic achievement and achievement motivation. Rajina & Karnan (2018) conducted the study on achievement motivation of 300 randomly selected higher secondary school students of Tiruvallur district. The results of the study revealed that female achievement mean score is better than male mean scores. Thus this showed significant and positive relationship in achievement motivation with respect to gender, type of family, type of management and parental involvement. Rani & Reddy(2019) examined the achievement motivation of adolescent students of different academic streams on a purposively selected sample of 80 adolescent (40 male and 40 female) undergraduate students from Hyderabad district. The results showed significant difference between the achievement motivation of sciences and arts stream and also significant difference found among male and female of college students.

Objectives For The Study

  1. To study the achievement motivation of government school boys and girls students.
  2. To study the achievement motivation of private school boys and girls students.
  3. To study the difference on achievement motivation of government and private school students.

Hypotheses For The Study

  • H1 : There is no significant difference in achievement motivation of boys and girls of government school students.
  • H2 : There is no significant difference in achievement motivation of boys and girls of private school students.
  • H3 : There is no significant difference in achievement motivation of government and private school students.

Variables Used –

In this study the two independent variables are classified in terms of gender (boys and girls) and type of school (government and private). The dependent variable is achievement motivation.

Methodology Used

  • SAMPLING PROCESS – The sample was consisted of 60 students of government and private school from Mansa District which were selected randomly. Out of which 30 were government school students and 30 were private school students from villages of Mansa District.
  • TOOLS USED – Achievement motivation – For the present study Deo-Mohan Achievement Motivation Scale (2011) was adopted to examine the Achievement Motivation which was developed by Prof. Pratibha Deo, &Dr. Asha Mohan, which is published by National Psychological Corporation, Agra.
  • PROCEDURE OF DATA COLLECTION – The students who were studying in government and private school students were randomly selected from Mansa District and data was collected on the basis of the achievement Motivation scale.
  • STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED – ‘t’ test was applied to know the significant difference between government and private school students of Government Sen Sec School, Burj Hari and Police Public School, Tamkot.

Result & Discussions

Table-I, Level of Achievement motivation in government school boys and girls students.

  • Group N Mean SD t-value
  • Boys 15 51.65 2.23 0.48
  • Girls 15 52.25 2.42

Table No-I showed the achievement motivation level of government school of boys and girls was not found to be significant at 0.05 level.

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Table-II, Level of Achievement motivation in private school boy and girls students.

  • Group N Mean SD t-value
  • Boys 15 52.55 2.41 3.02
  • Girls 15 61.03 4.37

Table No-II showed the achievement motivation level of private school of girls is higher than that of boys private school students was found to be significant at 0.05 level And 0.01 level of significance. On the basis of achievement motivation private school girls mean score is significantly higher than private school-going boys.

Table-III, Level of Achievement motivation in government and private school students.

  • Group N Mean SD t-value
  • Government 30 52.01 2.29 5.41
  • Private 30 66.02 3.93

Table No-III show the achievement motivation level of private school students is higher than that of achievement motivation of government school students at .05 level and at .01 level of significance.

Discussion

First hypothesis (H1) “There is no significant difference in achievement motivation of boys and girls of government school students” revealed that no significant difference was found between government school boys and girls students as far as level of achievement motivation is concerned. Hence the above hypothesis is accepted. These days educational level, family status is equal among boys and girls of government school students. The finding of the present study is in agreement with the studies conducted by Tamilselvi & Devi (2017) found that achievement motivation of higher secondary students on a sample of 100 students consisting of 69 male and 31 female studying in 9th class of Coimbatore district. The results revealed that no significant difference was found on the achievement motivation level of male and female students.

Second Hypothesis (H2 ) “ There is no significant difference in achievement motivation of boys and girls of private school students.” showed that with respect to achievement motivation level is concerned significant difference was found between private school boys and girls students. Hence the above hypothesis is rejected. As private school girls achievement motivation level has been increased than that of private school boys. The finding of study examined that Bharanbe(2016) the student of private school students on a sample of randomly selected 120 students 60 male and 60 female have significantly higher in Achievement Motivation in comparison to government school students.

Third Hypothesis (H3) “There is no significant difference in achievement motivation of government and private school students”. was rejected And showed that with respect to achievement motivation level is concerned significant difference was found in private school students in comparison of government school students.

Conclusions

The investigator arrived at the conclusion that achievement motivation of boys and girls of government school students have no significant difference. But found that there was significant difference found in achievement motivation of boys and girls of private school students and showed that girls of private school students are more motivated to achieve the task in comparison of boys of private school students. As far as the achievement motivation of government and private school students is concerned there was significant difference in achievement motivation of both the groups.

References

  1. Franken, R. E. (2002). Human motivation. (5th Ed), Belmont: C. A. Wadworth.
  2. Awan, R., Noureen, G., & Naz, A. (2011). A Study of Relationship between Achievement Motivation, Self Concept and Achievement in English and Mathematics at Secondary Level International Education Studies,4(3),72-79.
  3. Bharanbe, K. (2016). Achievement Motivation: A Comparative Study of Private and Government School Students, The International Journal of Indian Psychology,3(6), 46-50.
  4. Tamilselvi, B. & Devi, S.T. (2017). A study on achievement motivation of higher secondary students in Coimbatore district, International Journal of Advanced Education and Research,2(3), 81-84.
  5. Rajina, G. & Karnan, P. (2018). A study on Achievement Motivation of Higher Secondary School Students in Tiruvallur District, International Journal of Educational Scientific Research, 4(3),43-48.
  6. Rani, P. & Reddy, G. (2019). A Study on Achievement Motivation of Adolescent Students of Different Academic Streams, International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 8(2) 228-233.

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Achievement Motivation Among Government and Private School Students of Mansa District. (2022, March 17). Edubirdie. Retrieved August 12, 2022, from https://edubirdie.com/examples/achievement-motivation-among-government-and-private-school-students-of-mansa-district/
“Achievement Motivation Among Government and Private School Students of Mansa District.” Edubirdie, 17 Mar. 2022, edubirdie.com/examples/achievement-motivation-among-government-and-private-school-students-of-mansa-district/
Achievement Motivation Among Government and Private School Students of Mansa District. [online]. Available at: <https://edubirdie.com/examples/achievement-motivation-among-government-and-private-school-students-of-mansa-district/> [Accessed 12 Aug. 2022].
Achievement Motivation Among Government and Private School Students of Mansa District [Internet]. Edubirdie. 2022 Mar 17 [cited 2022 Aug 12]. Available from: https://edubirdie.com/examples/achievement-motivation-among-government-and-private-school-students-of-mansa-district/
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