How does alienation and loneliness affect our society? The way alienation and loneliness affect our society is by having people develop antisocial norms. Many characters in the novel Fahrenheit 451 suffer from being lonely because alienation plays a big part in the novel. Ray Bradbury, a 20th-century novelist, short story writer, and screenplay writer, in Fahrenheit 451 uses alienation and loneliness as a predominant element and has been complimented for writing “a masterwork of twentieth-century literature set in a bleak, dystopian future” (Fahrenheit 451).
During the twentieth century, numerous journalists were found amid the Edwardian time frame. The most full-measure composing of the period, conventionalist or present day, was animated by neither want nor misgiving anyway by more disheartening sentiments that the fresh out of the box new century could observe the breakdown of a whole progress. No individual caught the experience of a supreme progress in decay more prominent than the exile American author Henry James, who was an incredible figure amid this. (Beer, John, and Baker).
The Modernist Revolution, that lasted from 1908 to 1914, was an amazingly profitable measure of development and investigation as writers and artists attempted, in treasury and magazines, to challenge the abstract conventions.The soul of innovation was communicated by the English and American artists of the Imagist development. The Modernist Revolution was ended by World War I (Beer, John, and Baker).
The field of mediation emerged at the start of the twentieth century. It emerged in the West and in the United States as their power continued to grow. The emergence of the United States had an impact on international politics in a bipolar world (McDougall).
In most of the issues discussed in the criticism of the 20th century appears to be in nature purely empirical, even technical. Anti-romantic insistence on irony, convention, and aesthetics was accompanied by contempt for all revolutionary hopes. Even literary creators have continued to write enlightening comments on their own principles and goals. It is its catholicity of scope and methods, its adoption of social sciences procedures and its unequaled attention to detail separate modern criticism from previous works. Meanwhile, anthropology, linguistics, philosophy, and psychoanalysis have made important contributions to literary understanding (Crews).
However, the short story’s appeal continued to increase in the first half of the 20th century. Thousands of excellent stories literally have been published, including nearly every major dramatic playwright, poet and novelist, as it would seem. The short story itself became more diversified and complex when knowledge of it increased (Hansen).
In Ray Bradbury’s life, he grew up enjoying horror films. In 1932, Ray Bradbury met a carnival magician, Mr. Electrico. Bradbury stated that he started writing every day and has written ever since meeting Mr. Electrico and other carnival performers (Gregersen).
Bradbury’s family moved to Los Angeles in 1934. At the point when Bradbury joined the Los Angeles Science Fiction League in 1937, he got consolation from youthful authors. Bradbury discharged his first short story, ‘Hollerbochen’s Dilemma’ (1938), in the class’ fanzine. His fanzine Futuria Fantasia was distributed in 1939. He visited New York City for the principal World Convention of Science Fiction. In 1941, he made his first deal to an expert sci-fi magazine. In Weird Tales, a considerable lot of the most punctual accounts of Bradbury have been distributed, with components of creative ability and repulsiveness (Gregersen).
Bradbury never again composed fiction at his unavoidable pace during the 1970s transforming his vitality into verse and dramatization. He had sold a few short accounts of riddle prior in his profession. A spin-off of Dandelion Wine was his last novel, Farewell Summer (2006). For the TV arrangement The Ray Bradbury Theater (1985-92), he adjusted 59 of his short stories. Bradbury was regularly viewed as a creator of sci-fi, however he said that Fahrenheit 451 was his solitary sci-fi. The greater part of his work has been dream, repulsiveness, or puzzle carefully. His enlivened adjustment The Halloween Tree (1994), and the National Medal of Arts (2004) got an Emmy because of his diligent work (Gregersen).
Loneliness could be a complicated and frequently unpleasant emotional response to isolation. Different perceptions and attributions characterize loneliness. Lonely people tend to have a pessimistic general perspective, which means they do not deal with those things around them alone more negatively than people who do not. The loneliness experience is extremely subjective. Someone can be alone and not feel lonely yet can feel lonely even when surrounded by others (Hawkley).
Studies have shown that loneliness puts people at risk and can lead somebody to have a short life. Loneliness in an experimental environment is difficult to manipulate. An experiment was conducted where people were hypnotized. When they were hypnotized, they were asked to remember a time they felt lonely, and after returning from the hypnotic state, they were asked to remember a time when they felt very socially connected. The experiment showed that many individuals tend to become low when thinking of being lonely (Hawkley).
Poor social skills cause unsatisfactory personal relationships, which in turn lead to negative autonomy leading to social isolation and disappointment. Lonely individuals end up blaming themselves for not being able to achieve satisfactory social relationships. The risk of mental and physical disease in lonely individuals can at least be partly caused by increased stress (Hawkley).
Alienation is the state of feeling alienated or separated from everything around them. The definitions of alienation include impotence, insignificance, normality, cultural alienation, and self-estrangement. You can be alienated from yourself, which means you just feel out of touch with yourself or others. A person may feel powerless, feeling that their destiny is not controlled but determined by external agents, destiny, luck, or institutional arrangements. Some writers emphasised that alienation could be a social-psychological reality. The idea of alienation remains an ambiguous, elusive concept, despite its popularity in the analysis of contemporary life (Britannica, The Editors of Encyclopedia).
The dystopian novel, Fahrenheit 451, takes place in a distant future in an unspecified city. In their imaginary world the police state ‘firemen’ burn homes that contain books, because all books are prohibited by law. The protagonist, the fireman Guy Montag, is drawn by a woman in an underground book world. Finally, he joins an outsourced group to protect literature by placing whole books in their memory. No memory can be erased when printed matter is burned (Bradbury).
The authorities have decreed that all writing is subversive because it is inevitably contradictory, and it allows people to become conscious of unpleasant social aspects. The conversion to reading from Montag is significant because he is suddenly in light, not darkness. Montag had mentioned how he just wished someone would listen to what he had to say. This confession shows how Montag feels rejection and distance from his loved ones, leading up to feelings of isolation. Due to Montag’s experiences with alienation, he begins to break the law as he begins to collect books (Zubair).
Montag’s wife, Mildred, is also a victim of alienation. As Montag refuses to fulfill her desire for additional family, she becomes even lonelier. Alienation is also shown through her attempted suicide. Her falling relationship with Montag is another facet that shows isolation. The character of Montag can clearly demonstrate solitude while he meets other characters. When being first introduced to Montag, his eyes are opened to the loneliness in his conversation with Clarisse McClellan, as she asks him how happy he is (Zubair).
In conclusion, alienation and loneliness plays a big role in the novel Fahrenheit 451. Almost every character that is mentioned in this novel experience alienation and loneliness since being anti-social and hiding how they feel about certain things affects their daily lives.