Essay on What Did John Locke Do for the Enlightenment

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Europe had once been covered by dark clouds of bloodshed, hostility, and conflict but many Enlightened thinkers and leaders struggled through many troubles for the cause of human life; upon the enlightenment, multiple philosophers and leaders emerged

to create a new era where human life was treasured, new ideas were heard, and ways of life were improved upon for all. Human life in all aspects would have not been improved upon without the struggle Enlightenment figures such as John Locke had encountered and brought light upon. Enlightened figures had faced many hardships, conflicts, and disagreements which had led to new and revolutionary ideas. Many notions and issues were challenged and sought to be fixed about life, the role of government, rights, and religion. Lastly, ideals about government, authority, legitimacy, progress, tolerance, property, and life and liberty were adopted and incorporated throughout the world.

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As the world had been going through a time of major transformations, and reformations, many still had not felt free in their ways of life as the fear of being prosecuted by the sovereign and church's power had rained. The motivations for change came primarily from an Englishman named John Locke; John Locke aided in the spread of scientific and rational thought which became the chief values of the society during the period. Locke’s spread of scientific and rational thought can be seen in one of his most well-known works the Two Treatises Of Government; Locke produced the Two Treatises Of Government to reject the divine right of kings, as well as to criticize the church's role in power. John Locke stated, “Men being, as has been said, by nature, all free, equal and independent, no one can be put out of this estate, and subjected to the political power of another, without his consent.” This meaning people did not surrender all their rights to one single individual, but they surrendered only the right to preserve/maintain and enforce the ability to live freely. Not only did Locke spark hope for people during the English revolution but he also challenged old notions that had been established by the previous sovereign King James II; furthermore also introduced a broader thinking on governmental rule.

Through the flourishment of the enlightenment, scholars were congregating all across the world in every village, town, city, and country; with a message to spread, this message had been how to fix the problems that had plagued life. Because John Locke had been a member of the Shaftesbury household he was vastly known and spread his messages to countless numbers of people including many enlightened thinkers, Locke challenged political ideas and ways of life that have been standing for centuries not only had he challenged the whole political system but also those who tried to uphold these practices; Locke fought for the legal rights, natural rights, and natural law for everyone, Locke’s conception of natural rights is captured in his statement that individuals have a right to protect their “life, health, liberty, and possessions.” This can be seen in Locke’s arguments against innate principles and anti-authoritarianism ideals as Locke also stated: “Since governments exist by the consent of the people to protect the rights of the people and promote the public good, governments that fail to do so can be resisted and replaced with new governments.” Thus Locke believed that to have a peaceful society, everyone must be treated with equality which can only occur if there is a fair government system in place, and if people have to fight to have their natural rights granted, something has to be done about it. Through the extensive work that John Locke had put into fighting for the political rights of people many approaches and procedures started to change throughout the world.

As the world progressed further and further Locke’s messages and ideas spread vastly and led to many changes throughout the world. 

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Essay on What Did John Locke Do for the Enlightenment. (2024, April 10). Edubirdie. Retrieved June 16, 2024, from https://edubirdie.com/examples/essay-on-what-did-john-locke-do-for-the-enlightenment/
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