The Interrelation Of Music And Learning

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Numerous researches ensure that the inclusion of songs and/or sound-musical elements in teaching that brings benefits in the learning process of linguistic, affective and sociolinguistic levels. Music serves as an instrument for learning and put into practice in teaching and in different educational procedures, it can become a very useful tool, to corroborate this information first quantitatively studied if students with advanced hearing skills learned one more effectively and if they also showed a high level of development of musical intelligence. The sound-musical intervention was then launched to see if students with a low level of musical intelligence could improve their hearing ability and communicative competence. The results indicate that it not only increases oral comprehension, but the oral production, readership and motivation of the students.

The methodology on music and the various processes of psychological development, brain, creativity and the playful process has been studied. It will highlight the importance of music in the emotional and integral development of each individual being this one indispensable aspect to live and know how to use it to our benefit is very useful in study, as music influences the harmony of nature, in our mind, our emotions and feeling, our cognitive abilities and functions, in study, learning, fun and relaxation. There are 2 types of people, those who study with music and those who do not, in case of not being able to study with some type of music are advised to try other stimuli for concentration, and experiment in the wide world of sounds. It is also evident that rhymes are very helpful to memorize information, currently there are musicians who are dedicated to making songs of different genres with educational content using and expanding the musical resource and in this way generating knowledge, memory and culture, repetition of sounds, musical patterns, rhymes, are factors that determine the memorizing or not something, for meaningful learning it is recommended to dedicate the study first to the understanding of the subject and then to the understanding of the subject, and then to the understanding of the subject, and then to the understanding of the subject, and then to the understanding of the subject.

Likewise, learning is useless if what is learned is forgotten within a few days, weeks or months, forgetfulness must be interrupted in some way, and the use of musical and sound resources is an excellent option to feedback what you have learned. In general, sounds that are manifested periodically and simultaneously, and above all, that they are pleasant to the ear, have demonstrated the cerebral activation, increased relaxation and therefore concentration, sounds such as falling rain, blowing the waves, the sound of the wind or sounds coming from nature enter this classification, however, it should be ensured that these stimuli in conjunction with the internal factors of the individual, cause too much relaxation until inducing sleep.

Music as well as a means of distraction becomes a channel through which health can be improved and stimulated through various processes where there will be the method of music therapy that dates back to the 1940s as a branch of recuperative medicine , which with the physiological, affective and mental effects of music will contribute to a psychophysical and healthy balance of people. In addition, this process is based on the main elements of music such as its tone, melody, harmony; within these describe musical shapes and objects as well as phrases, compositions, instruments, voice and recordings. (Buades & Rodriguez, 2007) Despite this (Correa & Blasi, 2009) they say that music and music therapy have been slowly included in the context of health promotion, so have managed to exist work with the mentally ill, the elderly, AIDS patients and many others who show results really satisfying in quality of life. It also highlights the importance of music in the children’s world because the sound expression is accessible to the child before the word and it is quite common for him to sing before speaking. Taking into account the reduction of stress, anxiety and how music has become used in various clinical situations.

The organization of the process of teaching and learning music is about knowing the different characteristics. Musical education in relation to psychological development will go hand in hand in the sense of framing in the educational system of a community, in the face of this there is a very big challenge due to the way of learning. (Hargreaves, 1998) It says “the implicit idea in these studies of music and psychological development constituted a one-sided process through which parents shaped their children.” There are three great characteristics and so there is the first that indicates the vision of the child as an active agent of socialization, the second relates to that of knowledge and the third relates to the psychology of development attached for better understanding new methodology.

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(Gardner, 2015) He states in his Theory of Multiple Intelligences that music stimulates the totality of the intelligences with which people experience and understand the world. It introduces the concept of intrapersonal intelligence, understood as the knowledge of the internal aspects of the same person, access to the emotional life and as well as the ability to distinguish emotions and give them a name. The research carried out on the Psychology of Music, have managed to occupy, on the one hand the study and elements of musical language such as: rhythm, melody, harmony, timbre, getting to treat it generally separately and addressing from different methodological perspectives and approaches. Commenting is said (Rowell, 2015) He believes that the listening experience is especially difficult to describe; not just because it changes responses to different stimuli and external conditions. It is such a personal synthesis of early musical memories, the traces left by the instruments they may have studied, the ways in which they were taught to listen, and any number of individualities.

Music, as well as other artistic areas, has been appreciated by every culture and society for many different reasons. As we know, participating in artistic-musical activities gives children opportunities for joy, aesthetic expressions and the formation of new methodologies, in addition to music allow to develop multiple forms of thought and learning. These forms of thinking are directly related to creative skills, conflict resolution, and teamwork. It has the result of a methodological effect of knowledge and allows a social, cognitive and emotional development. (Gonzales, 2006) It ensures that it is essential to understand, and know the value and importance of music in education in general. The objective of this presentation is to emphasize music as a methodological alternative in the classroom, based on the results of research that show the impact of music education on the cognitive, social, physical and emotional development of students. Likewise, it is necessary that they manage to reflect that there are various methods in which they will influence environmental factors such as sound and that can have the following principles such as: motivate students, achieve active participation, move away from schemes that they will not contribute to the learning of people, through music reach concentration, build basic concepts and gain experience and not lose spontaneity in students. (Valia, 2013).

Music is characterized as a phenomenon of psychological interest, especially by the participation of it in the development of emotional experiences in people, as well as defines where it states that the motivational influence of music depends on the type of style that is heard, in this way manifests the cognitive process; skills such as observation, interaction and retention while promoting the identification and expression of emotions, thereby discovering and understanding. Music makes it easy to identify emotional thoughts related to what you learn in daily living. It opens up a possibility towards understanding and changing attitude around learning, by listening to some pleasant music, chemicals can be activated in the Central Nervous System, encouraging the production of neurotransmitters such as dopamine, endorphins and the oxycicicaric, experiencing a state that favors joy and optimism in general says that musical stimulus generates an emotional atmosphere that conditions them and prepares them to experience the scenes presented thanks to the auditory and Visual. In addition (Mosquera, 2013) He states that “Music is not only produced by instruments.

Music and language are intimately linked from the beginning and from their first forms, they are configured as means of communication, expression, apprehension and being. Language is defined as a system of words or signs that people use to express a feeling or thought, deep down no matter what culture you are from, music is universal, it is able to evoke feelings, affect heart rate, waves brain and breathing rhythms. One of the most important benefits that music delivers is the development of language is that people are not only assimilating rhythm and music, but are also learning and stimulating the development of language, which generates the stimulation of the lobes frontals of the brain, where the area in charge of linguistic and oral production is.” Auditory perception, phonological memory and metacognitive skills play an essential role in the development of musical and linguistic skills” (Bolduc, 2009) therefore musical and verbal language have the same purpose, both are forms of expression, music as language are universal skills that have their cognitive language codes. They use the same instruments: the breathing apparatus, the auditor and the phonator. Although music cannot be a language spoken in the same technical sense as English, Spanish, French, among others it really connects people around the world in the same way music and language can also be studied as individual activities , whether they are considered on an abstract plane, that is, as mental faculties or relatively permanent cognitive abilities that we develop human subjects, or if they are conceived as physical events that occur in time. (Jackendoff & Lerdahl, 2006).

It is known with certainty that music is perceived differently by different people, for this reason it cannot be generalized if a certain type of music relaxes and another animates or if a style of music is superior to stimulate learning.” With the use of brain imaging technology, it has been possible to obtain a map to locate the parts of the brain responsible for processing the music “ (Tobar, 2013). Music is symphonicly processed between various parts of the brain at once. Also, the music goes through the visual cortex creating images and memories of the melodies we hear. In addition, it has been noticed that people who listen or learn some rhythm for the first time activate different parts of their brains allowing better storage and in the same way learn in a motivated or positive way. Some studies applied in Alzheimer’s patients have shown that the use of music therapy to remember events or people is very effective and easily applicable. Music transports us to moments, even when we don’t remember anything else, it also “activates automatic memory causing the memory of song lyrics without even being aware that we know them; come out of our mouths as a reflection” (Armstrong, 2008), music has a powerful relationship with the ability to remember, music provokes more emotions when we are alone, and emotions are more powerful when they are positive than negative. “Music used with environmental effect during a creative writing activity increases imaginative capacity, resulting in text richer in vocabulary and fantasy” (Tobar, 2013), music as an academic support tool is just as powerful as the individualized support, the fundamental difference being the playful effect offered by music versus individualized support.

In conclusion the memory is directly involved with the learning process and allows us to carry out the different teaching processes, likewise, intelligence allows us to be aware of the activities that we perform and that we will do them in a way conscious thinking about the development of learning, when there is a good concentration this music helps us to learn but we must know when this exceeds its limit. The different processes of activation of the brain were carried out in a coordinated way with memory and music, the techniques for concentration serve a lot for the learning process, active music and creates stronger connections between the two hemispheres of the brain thus generating the development of cognitive functions, music is the universal language, instrumental music transmits much without saying anything, relaxes and produces concentration in listeners, music and noise are very different things, express music and noise irritates, both influence cognitive skills, in good and bad manner, respectively, in the communication process serves as a great complement, especially for people who do not express their feelings very easily, it will influence too much in the psychological development, in the sense of organizing ideas, different teaching It can be said that music in relation to the other areas has been one of the most appreciated by society as they have served as an impetus to obtain methodologies about better learning, in addition to having the ability to resolve conflicts, work as a team and come to the construction of concepts about music and its help in society, the human brain is very creative and incorporates playful processes into life, helps in human development either in the social or biological context, developing a human creativity and so obtaining meaningful, dynamic learning, in a nutshell of great utility, it is also known that music is a means of distraction that has been part of the human being for a long time, has come to processes and how music wants to incorporate learning and knowledge methods into the context.

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