IN the Name of Allah, the most gracious the most merciful. Muhammad (S.A.W) was a very noble prophet whose outstanding character is beyond questionable. He possesses distinguishing characters in all areas of life. This writing will mostly be focused on the attributes the prophet had as a teacher or his life in general hence all prophets were teachers, irrespective of their professions because they were tasked to disseminate the message of God and in doing so they are educating people. But before writing about his attributes as A teacher, I will briefly write his biography for a better understanding.
SHORT BIOGRAPHY OF THE PROPHET
The prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) was born in the year of elephant, on the 9 of Rabi al Awal, in Makkah. After being suckled by his mother; Aminata, the prophet was later suckled by Thuyebah. His father; Abdullah died either two months before or after the birth of the prophet.
Aminata; the prophets mother died in Abwa when he was six years old. At his age of forty (40), Muhammad (S.A.W) became a prophet. He died at the age of 63. (Al-Mubarakpuri, 2002).
Some of the attributes possess by the prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) As teacher includes the following:
GOOD COMMUNICATION ABILITY: The prophet Muhammad (pbuh) had a very distinctive and exemplary character. Muhammad’s communication ability was outstanding, whenever he speaks the audience will attentively listen because it was pleasure and his words always had great impact to the listeners. Muhammad (pbuh) was determinant in his teachings, his messages are always clearly understood by his students or listeners. His words can be easily remembered because they always come one after the other like treasures and his speech contains no defect instead, they were always concise. He was a precise, unpretending and unambiguous speaker. He was a very truthful speaker as well; even his enemies acknowledge his truthfulness. It is narrated that there was a day Abu Jahl told the prophet: “I don’t think you are a liar, but I am not interested in religion”. This is a clear testimony that, untruthfulness was not part of prophet’s attributes (Siddiqui, 2015).
Imposing authority to harm his oppressors, the prophet (pbuh) was always willing to forgive. The more he was assaulted, offended or irritated by the ignorant, the gentler, patience and willing to forgive he became. No what amount of indiscipline, impoliteness and obliviousness exercised against him (the prophet) he always bears it and forgive. He was easily satisfied and the last to get angry, short temperedness was not his character. He was eager to forgive and does not display erratic behaviors. (Al-Mubarakpuri, 2002). He is continuously being patient as a teacher of Islam.
Being Humble: Showing humbleness to students is a matter of must for the teacher. The prophet (pbuh) was always being humble towards his audience. He was mindful of people’s weaknesses and therefore he gives them sufficient time to solve their problems. As narrated by Abu Rifa’ah: came to the Prophet (PBUH) while he was delivering a sermon and I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, here is a stranger who has come to ask you about his religion, for he does not know what his religion is.’ The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) turned to me and left his sermon. He came to me, and a chair was brought, I thought its legs were made of iron. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) sat on it and started telling me of what Allah had told him, then he went back and completed his sermon.” (Muslim 876). The prophet was a humble teacher and avoids the characters that opposes humility such as Riya (showing off) and arrogance; which describe as basically rejecting the truth and being prideful. He listens to other people’s opinions with humility. He was always humble as a teacher of Islam. (Al-Mubarakpuri, 2002).
Generous and Kind: The prophet Muhammad (pbuh); was very kind in terms of dealing with his students (listeners). He showed kindness to everyone he had ever met including even the non-believers, as he used to say that certainly his friends are the believers but nonetheless all men deserve his grace of attention. Considering the fact that is very important to be gentle and kind towards his students; the prophet adopted kind and gentle methods when teaching or spreading the message of Allah. In that regard he used to say; “Allah is Gentle and loves gentleness, and He rewards for gentleness what He does not reward for harshness or for anything else.” (Muslim 2593). Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was a very generous teacher towards his students or any other person. He was constantly being ready to help his students (listeners). He had never rejected the demands of his students or others. If had nothing to offer to his students or other people who demands help; he apologizes to them. He was a very kind and generous person. (Mansurpuri, 2000).
Wisdom: Muhammad (pbuh) was a person of wisdom; which refers to the application of right knowledge to a specific issue at the right time. He applied right knowledge at the right time for needed purpose. He uses wisdom when dealing with his students (listeners). As it was narrated by Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) that: “A Bedouin stood up and started urinating in the mosque. The people caught him but the Prophet (PBUH) ordered them to leave him and to pour a bucket or a tumbler of water over the place where he had passed the urine.” (Al-Bukhari 220). The above hadith clearly shows that Muhammad (pbuh) was a person of wisdom and he tolerates big mistakes committed by ignorant student (people). If he had stopped the Bedouin in the middle of his urination, it could have cause panic hence that is the reason why he allowed him complete his urine and the he (Muhammad) advised him respectfully; this is wisdom. He rectifies his students with politeness and wisdom. He does not harass his students who made mistakes out of ignorance. The prophet was as well very patient when it comes to answering questions posed to him by his students because he had wisdom. (Al-Mubarakpuri, 2002).
The prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was a person of good moral character. His attributes as a teacher were of excellence character. He was very decent, humble, truthful, very generous and many other excellence attributes. He was indeed a great person who once lived on earth.
- Al-mubarakpuri, s.-R. (2002). The Sealed Nectar. Riyadh: Darussalam.
- Mansurpuri, Q. M. (2000). The Last Of The Prophets. Riyadh: Darussalam.
- Siddiqui, A. (2015). worlds best Teacher. Sada e Jauhar .