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Stress and Self Confidence of Athletes and Non Athletes

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Stress, it is the actions your body goes through as it tries to adjust to your changing environment. It can cause physical and emotional effects on you which can be positive or negative. Stress can ruin your performance and it can also enhance your performance. Self-confidence is not the same as self-esteem, which is an evaluation of one’s own worth, whereas self-confidence is more specifically trust in one’s ability to achieve some goal, which one meta-analysis suggested is similar to generalization of self-efficacy.

The research scholar has to measure and compare the stress and Self Confidence of Athletes and Non Athletes of various levels. For the present study 80 subjects, in which 40 were Athletes and other 40 were Non Athletes were selected with the help of random sampling technique. Only male Athletes were selected. For the study the variables Stress and Self Confidence were selected to know that whether Athletes and Non Athletes have high level of Stress and Self Confidence and vice versa. To determine the significance difference in the mean of Stress and Self Confidence between Athletes and Non Athletes ‘t’ test was interpreted for the results. ‘T’ test was applied to assess the significance of difference between the means in Athletes and Non Athletes.

Stress, it is the actions your body goes through as it tries to adjust to your changing environment. It can cause physical and emotional effects on you which can be positive or negative. Stress can either compel you to act and make you excited over something new or it can make you feel disgusted, rejected, angry, and depressed. Stress could lead to health problems like headaches, nausea, rashes, and high blood pressure. Stress can either help you readjust your life or hinder you. It all depends on how yours react to it. Stressors are the causes of stress.

Stress can ruin your performance and it can also enhance your performance. There are athletes like Yankee Second Baseman Chuck Knoblauch, who one day discovered he couldn’t throw a ball accurately from second base to first base (the shortest distance a player has to throw a ball in baseball) and ultimately had to quit the game because of it. And then you have people like long jumper Bob Beamon who famously broke the long jumping record in Mexico City in 1968, not by inches, as is usually the case, but by two feet.

The concept of self-confidence self-assurance in one’s personal judgment, ability, power, etc. One’s self confidence increases from experiences of having mastered particular activities. It is a positive belief that in the future one can generally accomplish what one wishes to do. Self-confidence is not the same as self-esteem, which is an evaluation of one’s own worth, whereas self-confidence is more specifically trust in one’s ability to achieve some goal, which one meta-analysis suggested is similar to generalization of self-efficacy. Abraham Maslow and many others after him have emphasized the need to distinguish between self-confidence as a generalized personality characteristic, and self-confidence with respect to a specific task, ability or challenge (i.e. self-efficacy).

Self-confidence can give an average athlete or team the courage and focus to defeat a stronger opponent…Likewise, lacking self-confidence, an athlete or team will consistently perform way below their potential. Low self-confidence can kill an athlete’s enjoyment of the sport and turn him/her into a dropout statistic.

In the above table, there were 40 Athletes having mean 19.3250 and with standard deviation 2.94729 and standard error mean 0.46601 on the Stress. Similarly, there were of 40 Non Athletes having mean 19.6750 with standard deviation 3.98965 and standard error mean 0.63082 on the Stress respectively. (In the table N means the number of Athletes and Non Athletes).

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Discussion of findings about Stress: It was observed from the finding that in Stress of Athletes and Non athletes, significant differences were found between Athletes and Non athletes in Stress. Therefore, the research hypothesis, there is significant difference between the Athletes and Non athletes in Stress is accepted. While from the Self Confidence it was observed that in Self Confidence significant differences were found between Athletes and Non athletes Therefore the Research hypothesis, there is significant difference between the Athletes and Non athletes in Self Confidence is accepted.

The mean scores of Stress shows that Athletes have high degree of Stress than Non Athletes. While the mean scores of Self Confidence shows that Athletes have high degree of Self Confidence than Non Athletes.

In the present study, we observed that Non Athletes have less Stress than athletes and vice versa. While athletes got good Results in Self Confidence, the Athletes have more self Confidence than Non Athletes.

The study sought to explore and compare the current level of stress among secondary level sports students in Missouri and North Carolina. From the findings, it was concluded that sports students in Missouri and North Carolina are not in an overall state of stress compared with norm data. However, time-related job tasks were found to be a source of stress among both samples, and ‘excessive groundwork’ was identified as the highest stressor. Low stress items among sports persons fell into three broad playing-related categories best described as supervision, advancement, and inactivity.

The observation of the survey data, with in limitation of the present study, the following conclusion has been drawn

It was observed from the finding that in Stress significant differences were found between Athletes and Non Athletes in Stress and it was found that Athletes have more Stress than Non Athletes While in Self Confidence Athletes have more Self Confidence as compared to Non Athletes.

Athletes reported higher stress levels because of Political Pressure, Strenuous work condition as compare to Non Athletes. While in Self Confidence Athletes reported higher Self Confidence levels in Role over Load, Role Conflict, Powerfulness, Intrinsic Impoverishment, profitability, Role Ambiguity, Responsibility for Persons, high Peer Relations and Participation as compare to Non Athletes. Finally, researcher concluded that the reviewed studies have investigated these themes in various sports samples, ranging from mainstream to special Olympic Athletes, heads of Sports Agencies, Junior players and Senior players. It is argued that, in view of the recent and ongoing changes in Sports Agencies and Academies and their curricula as well as the prevailing working conditions of players, our present understanding of stress in athletes needs to be based on updated information and vice versa. Some recommendations for future research are also set out.

References

  1. https://www.forbes.com
  2. Hinkle, J. S. (1994 Integrating sport psychology and sports counseling. Journal of Sport Behavior, 17, 52-60.
  3. Best, J.W & Kahn, J. V;(2006). Research in education (10th ed.). India. Pearson.
  4. Snyder, C. R.; Lopez, Shane J. (2009-01-01). Oxford Handbook of Positive Psychology. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-518724-3.
  5. Zolner. (1970). ‘Journal of Personality and Social Psychology’. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 15 (1): 87–93. doi:10.1037/h0029201. PMID 4393678.
  6. Self esteem Kulgam Physical Edu. Tecahers Anantnag Physical Edu. Tecahers 19.324999999999999 19.675000000000001 Self awareness Kulgam Physical Education Teachers Anantnag Physical Edu. Teachers 17.05 19.675000000000001

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Stress and Self Confidence of Athletes and Non Athletes. (2022, September 15). Edubirdie. Retrieved February 1, 2023, from https://edubirdie.com/examples/stress-and-self-confidence-of-athletes-and-non-athletes/
“Stress and Self Confidence of Athletes and Non Athletes.” Edubirdie, 15 Sept. 2022, edubirdie.com/examples/stress-and-self-confidence-of-athletes-and-non-athletes/
Stress and Self Confidence of Athletes and Non Athletes. [online]. Available at: <https://edubirdie.com/examples/stress-and-self-confidence-of-athletes-and-non-athletes/> [Accessed 1 Feb. 2023].
Stress and Self Confidence of Athletes and Non Athletes [Internet]. Edubirdie. 2022 Sept 15 [cited 2023 Feb 1]. Available from: https://edubirdie.com/examples/stress-and-self-confidence-of-athletes-and-non-athletes/
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