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Ancient Greece Essays

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Athens Fights Sparta for Dominance in Ancient Greece

During the fifth century BC, battles raged on land and at sea in a protracted and bloody conflict between the two leading city-states of ancient Greece: Athens and Sparta. On one side was the supreme naval power of Athens and on the other the dominant Spartan army, with each heading an alliance that involved nearly every single Greek state. The Peloponnesian War of 431-404 BC would reshape the Hellenic world. The pre-eminent account of the war was written by Thucydides,...
4 Pages 1674 Words

Greeks Vs Romans: Similarities and Differences

The ancient Greeks and Romans created foundational civilizations that the modern world has idolized and used for growth for centuries. The modern world has taken many ideas from both these civil giants and incorporated them into recent times, and yet both the Greek and Roman empires sometimes gave different ideas on the same topic. Greek and Roman philosophies in both military tactics and leadership characteristics have similarities and differences, and both have influenced political institutions of today. Both Greek and...
2 Pages 782 Words

How Does the Concept of Hubris from Greek Tragedy Apply to the Peloponnesian War: Essay

Ancient Greece ‚ÄĒ known for its sophisticated sculpture, architecture, and famous philosophers ‚ÄĒ is full of history. Moreover, Ancient Greek history is full of culture, amazing architecture, famous philosophers, and most importantly, war. The History of The Peloponnesian War, written by Thucydides, is known to be a historical account of the Peloponnesian War which centers around the fifth-century BC war between two cities‚ÄĒSparta and Athens. Thucydides was an Athenian historian as well as an Athenian general during the war. The...
2 Pages 1011 Words

Themes of Greek Gods in Art of Hellenistic Period

Greek Mythology traces as far back as nineteen hundred B. C. till the ninth century. When there are godly figures there will be people who illustrate these godly figures in many different forms of artwork. This results in endless amounts of artwork illustrating the Greek’s idea of their Gods. There are multiple different types of artworks, including dominantly paintings and statues made of stone and bronze. The prominent works are stone statues depicting the Greek Gods. The most recognizable Greek...
2 Pages 1073 Words

Historical Essay: General Overview of the Battle of Thermopylae

The battle of Thermopylae, under the king Xerxes (486-456 BC) the Great son of Darius the Great, was another victory for Persians in the fifth century. The Persians were advancing on the battleground with their full might. Five million, two hundred and eighty-three thousand, two hundred and twenty men excluding the cooks, women, and concubines were ready for an assault on Greeks who were led by Leonidas I (Herodotus VII, 186). The Greeks were less than half of the total...
1 Page 549 Words

Essay on History: Spartan Mirage and the Battle of Thermopylae

The theory of the Spartan Mirage was first coined by Francois Ollier in the 1930s. Francois Ollier was a French historian who published a book titled ‚ÄėLe Mirage Spartiate‚Äô. The book outlined the effect of distortion of Sparta found in ancient writers like Xenophon, Plutarch, and Herodotus. These books have created a picture that the Spartan society was equal and united. The theory states that the perception of Sparta is distorted by sources written by non-Spartans. These writers either idealized...
3 Pages 1198 Words

Essay on Hellenistic Period: Role of Alexander‚Äč ‚Äčthe‚Äč ‚ÄčGreat‚Äč

Was‚Äč ‚ÄčAlexander‚Äč ‚Äčthe‚Äč ‚ÄčGreat‚Äč ‚Äča‚Äč ‚ÄčHero‚Äč ‚Äčor‚Äč ‚Äča‚Äč ‚ÄčVillain? Alexander‚Äč ‚Äčthe‚Äč ‚ÄčGreat‚Äč ‚Äčcan‚Äč ‚Äčbe‚Äč ‚Äčperceived‚Äč ‚Äčas‚Äč ‚Äčmany‚Äč ‚Äčdifferent‚Äč ‚Äčthings,‚Äč ‚Äčsuch‚Äč ‚Äčas‚Äč ‚Äča‚Äč ‚Äčvillain,‚Äč ‚Äčhero,‚Äč ‚Äčor both.‚Äč ‚ÄčHe‚Äč ‚Äčdid‚Äč ‚Äčmany‚Äč ‚Äčgood‚Äč ‚Äčdeeds‚Äč ‚Äčand‚Äč ‚Äčhorrible‚Äč ‚Äčones‚Äč ‚Äčin‚Äč ‚Äčhis‚Äč ‚Äčlifetime,‚Äč ‚Äčmainly‚Äč ‚Äčwhile‚Äč ‚Äčhe‚Äč ‚Äčwas‚Äč ‚Äčking‚Äč ‚Äčof Macedonia‚Äč ‚Äčand‚Äč ‚Äčother‚Äč ‚Äčareas‚Äč ‚Äčhe‚Äč ‚Äčconquered.‚Äč ‚ÄčHe‚Äč ‚Äčwas‚Äč ‚Äčruthless‚Äč ‚Äčbut‚Äč ‚Äčalso‚Äč ‚Äčcourageous,‚Äč ‚Äčsmart,‚Äč ‚Äčand skillful.‚Äč ‚ÄčAlexander‚Äč ‚Äčthe‚Äč ‚ÄčGreat‚Äč ‚Äčwas‚Äč ‚Äčnot‚Äč ‚Äča‚Äč ‚Äčhero‚Äč ‚Äčnor‚Äč ‚Äča‚Äč ‚Äčvillain,‚Äč ‚Äčhe‚Äč ‚Äčwas‚Äč ‚Äčsimply‚Äč ‚Äča‚Äč ‚Äčprominent‚Äč ‚Äčconqueror. Even‚Äč ‚Äčthough‚Äč ‚Äčhe‚Äč ‚Äčused‚Äč ‚Äčforce‚Äč ‚Äčto‚Äč...
2 Pages 894 Words

Essay on Hellenistic Period: Description of Free-standing Dionysus with a Panther

Free-standing Dionysos With a Panther When I arrived at the gallery I had the first statue I saw in mind for my essay. Then I came across a piece that seemed to steal my attention. I was absolutely captivated. I had noticed the Statue of Dionysos standing next to a small panther. This piece is believed to be from the Hellenistic period of art. In Khan academy, it says ‚ÄúThe word Hellenistic comes from the Greek word meaning ‘imitating the...
3 Pages 1146 Words

Essay on Architecture during the Hellenistic Period

What are the salient features of art and architecture during the Hellenistic period? Explain its origin and impact on other cultures of the world (25) The art and architecture of this era mainly focused on personal lives. The sculptures and paintings made, depicted the figures having personal feelings and showing emotions. During this era Idealism was present. Most of the sculptures made were sponsored by the elites, especially royal portraiture was very common. To mark the achievements and to identify...
1 Page 598 Words

Analysis of the Reasons of The Peloponnesian War

From 431BC to 404BC two of the world’s most formidable superpowers, Athens and Sparta, engaged in one of early history’s longest and most brutal wars, The Peloponnesian War. Though both superpowers were located within close geographical proximity to one another, they were anything but similar regarding their cultural, diplomatic, and philosophical viewpoints. These three factors and perhaps more culminated together to create a rift between the two city-states, causing tensions and a hegemonic fight for power and dominance over ancient...
2 Pages 1098 Words

Athens and Sparta: Comparative Analysis

Introduction Athens and Sparta were one of the most important city-states of Ancient Greece. Although, they were close on the map, they had different values and different lifestyle (York, Smart and Richards, n.d.). However, they also had few similarities and one can be seen in their form of government. In fact, both Athens and Sparta had an assembly which was elected by the people (York, Smart and Richards, n.d.). Another similarity is that both these city-states had slaves, and even...
1 Page 549 Words

Should the Parthenon Marbles Be Returned to Greece? Essay

I strongly think that the Parthenon marbles taken by Lord Elgin form Greece should be returned back to Greece because Lord Elgin did not have permission to take the marbles. The Greeks couldn’t do anything to stop Elgin at the time as they were part of the Ottoman Empire. All the other museums are retiring stolen artefacts so why shouldn’t the British museum do the same thing to stop 2 centuries of bad feeling? Lord Elgin did not have any...
1 Page 542 Words

Analytical Essay on Greek Gods and Goddesses: Zeus, Poseidon, Aphrodite and Athena

In most cultures, there is always a god or a variety of gods that the people of mankind worship and look up upon. These gods are associated with culture, and blessings and are seen to be of great power. In Greek Mythology, there were known to be twelve chief gods in total. Some of the greatest greek gods and goddesses were Zeus, Poseidon, Aphrodite and Athena. They were all seen to exhibit great levels of power and control. The gods...
3 Pages 1454 Words

Essay on the World of Sculpture: Analysis of Hellenistic Period

The scope of variety within the world of sculpture is profoundly oceanic. The rich domain of history, culture, appearance, and overall styles all differ substantially, evoking different sentiments and emotions. The sculptures that derive from different cultures all speak different volumes, but sculptures from Greek culture, in particular, are undeniably breathtaking due to their realism and vivid, lifelike detail. The Greek sculptures are nothing short of staggering beauty and the sculpture of the goddess Nike of Samothrace’s ‚Äúwinged victory‚ÄĚ is...
3 Pages 1177 Words

Historical Essay on Greek Unification: The Peloponnesian Wars - Athens Versus Sparta

The Peloponnesian Wars (431 ‚Äď 404BC), also known as the fall of Athens, demonstrated the power and capacity of the two of the strongest rival poleis in Ancient Greece, Athens, and Sparta, who were both competing for dominance. The two city-states varied across multiple aspects. Although the Athenians were well cultured and educated, had naval forces, and led the Delian League, the Spartan‚Äôs militaristic practices, values, army, alliances, and battle strategies significantly contributed to their cultural identity that helped secure...
4 Pages 1749 Words

Traitors and Butchers of the Ocean: Mayari, Haik, Poseidon, and Helios

God’s influence and contribution to the daily lives of the people of Earth realm. Each god possesses a set of unique talents and abilities that they‚Äôve had ever since they were born. Gods like Mayari, have the ability to control the moon, Helios was blessed with the ability to control the sun, and Gods like Poseidon and Haik were blessed with the ability to control the tides of the oceans and the seas. Mayari, the daughter of Bathala and the...
3 Pages 1163 Words

Status of Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, and Apollo in The Iliad and The Odyssey: Analytical Essay

Homer’s The Iliad and The Odyssey are poems centered around the events of the Trojan War. The Iliad recounts the events from the Trojan war during the final weeks whereas The Odyssey is a sequel telling the story of Odysseus and his journey back home. Within the poems, the role of gods and goddesses plays an integral part in influencing the human characters and the events of the Trojan War. The divinities are split between the sides of the Trojans...
3 Pages 1464 Words

Poseidon Cult in Atlantis: The Lost Empire - Film Analysis

Introduction Atlantis: The Lost Empire has been a movie I loved watching ever since I was little due to Milo, the dorky young scientist, who sets out on an adventure to discover the lost city of Atlantis with a questionable crew looking to capitalize on the mysterious power. The hues of blue throughout the movie and the magic of it all had always captured my attention, making me wonder if the lost island was really like how it was depicted…...
4 Pages 1878 Words

Roles of Athena, Poseidon, Calypso, and Circe: Analysis of Relationship between Gods and Morals in Homer’s Odyssey

This essay will be answering about the relationship between gods and morals in Homer’s Odyssey and particularly how do the lives of mortals differ from those of the gods and also how similar they are, then drawing a conclusion from this. In Homer’s Odyssey, the major gods that share significant roles are Athena, Poseidon, Calypso, and Circe with minor gods such as Zeus that has a supporting role in the story. Whilst Odysseus is one of the warriors that fought...
4 Pages 1919 Words

Fate of Poseidon: Descriptive Essay

Everything started with ‘Master Erebus’ the lord of Trenches when he trespassed against his siblings by entering the god’s chamber without the ruler of the god’s assent so far as that is concerned and intentionally taking the cutting edge of Olympus without considering the results because of a demonstration of his disloyalty, he left Mount Olympus on the blocks of franticness, Zeus was crushed when he entered the chamber and found that the sharp edge was gone and he could...
3 Pages 1236 Words

History of Ancient Greece: Analysis of the Battle of Thermopylae

Ancient Greek warfare and conflict was a common reoccurrence during archaic and classical periods due to the fact that the city states were quarrelsome whether it be because of religious difference ( the worshiping of different Greek gods) , political and philosophical differences. The common soldiery of ancient Greece were free citizens primary consisted of farmers or members of society with low social standing (not like those of mathematicians and philosophers whom had high statuses). Many of the solidary and...
1 Page 567 Words

Entasis in Antiquity: Descriptive Essay on Optical Illusion and Aesthetics of Parthenon

Entasis in Antiquity Refinements of architecture play an essential role in shaping the visual image and structure of the building. Refinements are conscious decisions made by the architects to revise the otherwise strictly straight lines of the building for aesthetic or practical reasons. Entasis, a slight convex curve of the shaft of a column, is a refinement frequently embodied by classical architecture. Many theories have been advanced to account for the implementation and purpose of entasis. The Parthenon, Temple of...
3 Pages 1409 Words

The Replacements of Western Architecture: Destruction of Parthenon in Greece

There have been many cases of Western Architecture that have been destroyed in acts of war, natural disasters, or because of structural integrity failure. In this paper, we will look into why some buildings were rebuilt, how they were rebuilt, and why some buildings weren’t built the same. Other topics that may be touched on here will also be temporary buildings that have become permanent and buildings that were built to look as if they were destroyed and worn down....
3 Pages 1313 Words

Moshing as Artifact: in Relation to the History of the Parthenon

Moshing as artifact: in relation to the history of the Parthenon. Through August to September of 490 BC, a battle between Athens and Plataea against the Persian Empire erupted in Marathon, Greece; this would be the first of a further series of conflicts between Greece and The Achaemenid Empire. The battle had been instigated by the Greek involvement in the Ionian Revolt, where Athens and Eretria had supported the Ionians in overthrowing the Persian rule. A second invasion of Greece...
3 Pages 1351 Words

Analytical Essay on Parthenon and Federal Hall: Periclean Democracy Versus Constitutional Democracy

Lying on Acropolis, the magnificent birthplace of Greek myths, Parthenon serves as the most representative figure in Greek culture, and was built to worship Athens’ patron deity, Athena. Funded by the Delian League in memory of the victory in the Persian War, Parthenon has also seen a demonstration of absolute Athenian dominance, built right on the debris of the original temple that was destructed by the Persians. Similarly, Federal Hall is presently seen as the democracy milestone in America‚Äôs history....
5 Pages 2132 Words

Original Parthenon Sculptures Should be Returned to Greece: Argumentative Essay

The thought that great historical monuments should be preserved has its roots in the preservation of the history and beauty expressed by the monuments, but the underlying reasons are often overlooked. In ‚ÄúThe Lovely Stones,‚ÄĚ writer Christopher Hitchens puts forth a detailed argument that the original Parthenon sculptures should be returned to Greece. Doing so, he employs a variety of rhetorical devices, including enumeration of historical facts, hypothetical situations and examples, and wordplay. Hitchens‚Äôs deft use of enumeration begins with...
1 Page 661 Words

Helen of Troy Movie Analysis

As I watch the movie Helen of Troy, at first it was just fine because I tought that it was just desame as other movies, but I was in aw on how bizarre the plot of the story for me is. I’m not really a fan of greek mythology specialy there time back then. I don’t hate it at the same time I don’t like it, I just think it’s just so ridiculous how they live a life like that...
1 Page 570 Words

Human Relationships in The August Wilson Play

People create fences in everyday life that either would have a positive effect or a negative effect, meaning keeping away from his or her enemies or keeping her loved ones within close distance. In Fences, by August Wilson, Rose builds three fences that separate and keeps people close to her. The fences that Rose builds around Bono, Cory, and Troy affect how she maintains or changes her relationship with them. Rose builds her fence in her friendship with Bono to...
1 Page 556 Words

Thucydides and the Peloponnesian War

From past to present, there were unending wars that has happened with all cost. Most of the time, these costs were loss of life, land and money. Many weapons were used in wars stones, swords, rifles and so on. And What were these wars for? Was the reason for these wars to survive or to lead a better life? Besides all these, people have had experienced to pass their life in different forms of societies. Empires, City states and Nation...
7 Pages 3389 Words

Art of The Hellenic and Hellenistic Periods

Both the Hellenic and Hellenistic periods offer differences in their architecture. These include the over all design, their building techniques, the location, how they are decorated, and the symbolism related to the temple it self. The piece of architecture that is from the Hellenic period is the Parthenon. Built in 447 BCE, it was finished in 432 BCE. The massive size and beauty was meant to show the world the dominance and power of Athens. The Parthenon sits atop the...
2 Pages 824 Words
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