In coming years, intelligent machines will replace human capabilities in many areas. Artificial intelligence exhibited by machine or software. Artificial intelligence is becoming a popular field in computer science as it has enhanced the human life in many areas. Artificial intelligence in the last two decades has greatly improved performance of the manufacturing and service systems. Study in the area of artificial intelligence has given rise to the rapidly growing technology known as expert system. Application areas of Artificial Intelligence is having a huge impact on various fields of life as expert system is widely used these days to solve the complex problems in various areas as science, engineering, business medicine, weather forecasting. The areas employing the technology of Artificial Intelligence have seen an increase in the quality and efficiency.
It is claimed that artificial intelligence is playing an increasing role in the research of management science and operational research areas. Intelligence is commonly considered as the ability to collect knowledge and reason about knowledge to solve complex problems. In the Future intelligent machines will replace human capabilities in many areas. Artificial intelligent is the study and developments of intelligent machines and software that can reason, learn, gather knowledge, communicate manipulate and perceive he objects. John McCarthy coined the term in 1956 as branch of computer science concerned with making computers behave like humans. It is the study of the computation that makes it possible to perceive reason and act. Artificial Intelligence is different from psychology because it emphasis on perception, reasoning and action. It makes machines smarter and more useful. It works with the help of artificial neurons(artificial neural network) and scientific theorems (if then statements and logics).AI technologies have matured to the point in offering real practical benefits in many of their applications. Major Artificial Intelligence areas are Expert Systems, Natural Language Processing, Speech Understanding, Robotics and Sensory Systems, Computer Vision and Scène, Recognition, Intelligent Computer-Aided Instruction, Neutral Computing. From these Expert System is rapidly growing technology which is having a huge impact on various fields of life. The various techniques applied in artificial intelligence are Neural Network, Fuzzy Logic, Evolutionary Computing, and Hybrid Artificial Intelligence.
Artificial intelligence has the advantage over the natural intelligence as it is more permanent, consistent, less expensive, has the ease of duplication and dissemination, can be documented and can perform certain tasks much faster and better than the human
The Turing Test Approach: The Turing test was proposed Alan Turing (1950). This test was designed to test that whether a particular machine can think or not. The test involves a human interrogator who interacts with a human and with a machine and has to tell who is human and which one is machine. The computer passes the test if and interrogator after posing some written response is coming from human or from the machine.
What is Artificial Intelligence?
“An AI is a computer system that is able to perform tasks that ordinarily require human intelligence. These artificial intelligence systems are powered by machine learning. Many of them are powered by machine learning, some of them are powered by specifically deep learning, and some of them are powered by very boring things like just rules.”
Artificial intelligence (AI) makes it possible for machines to learn from experience, adjust to new inputs and perform human-like tasks. Most AI examples that you hear about today – from chess-playing computers to self-driving cars – rely heavily on deep learning and natural language processing. Using these technologies, computers can be trained to accomplish specific tasks by processing large amounts of data and recognizing patterns in the data.
Features of Artificial Intelligence
1. Reasoning and decision making:
Artificial Intelligence machines have the ability of reasoning and decision making. Artificial Intelligent machines can take inputs, process them and gives the outputs. These machines do not require human supervision for their operations. Artificial Intelligence machines can also help in making decisions. They reduce the risk factor in taking the decisions.
2. No emotions:
Artificial Intelligent machines are emotionless. They do no get tired, feel anything or do not get bored. Therefore, they can successfully replace humans in recursive tasks that humans find boring. As they do not get tired, so they do not need frequent breaks also. The decision made by artificially intelligent machines are not affected by their emotions. They are solely dependent upon the data analysis.
3. Preventing Hazards:
Artificial Intelligent machines help in preventing the hazards. They are programmed to detect the problem at an early stage. They perform several tests on the systems and informing about potential risks and problems in various systems. For example, any security breach in bank security system is detected by Artificial Intelligence system. That leads to alarming the concerned authorities before serious mishappening.
4. Learning Ability:
Artificial Intelligence machines are designed such that they can learn from their past experiences. As AI machines are exposed to more and more real-life data, their data set gets bigger and better. So, AI machines get more familiar with the real-time environment. This leads to improve the accuracy and decision making ability with time.
5. Communication Ability:
Artificial Intelligence systems have the ability to communicate with humans as well as other artificial intelligence machines. They can communicate in various languages and can translate from one language to another. A chatbot is an example of communication ability of the AI machines.
6. Final Take:
Artificial Intelligence is helping human race and doing great things and achieving bigger targets. Nowadays, AI has become an integral part of everyday lives. It has become a boon to many industries like healthcare, finance, marketing etc. So, it becomes necessary for various industries to keep pace with the latest trends in Artificial Intelligence to maximize benefits from it. We at Research Infinite Solutions - Data Science consulting company are helping industries to solve real-life problems and building smart solutions in the field of Artificial Intelligence.
Advantages of Artificial Intelligence of A
Efficiency: Artificial Intelligence machines have a high level of efficiency. As we all know that machines are built with algorithms that enable AI machines to become less prone to error.
Repetitive jobs: Artificial Intelligence machines can replace humans from monotonous jobs that humans find boring. This is because machines are emotionless and do not get bored.
No breaks: Artificial Intelligence Machines takes less or no breaks as compared to human counterpart.
External Factors: These machines can perform in any environment or place where humans cannot reach. For example inside petroleum pipes to check leakage. They can work at any temperate range as high as 1290 degrees to as low as – 47-degree Celsius.
Adaptability: Artificial intelligent machines have the ability to adapt to any environment. Artificial Intelligence can be classified into two types. Narrow AI and Broad AI. Broad AI can perform a vast variety of task on the basis of an environment.
Artificial Intelligence is helping in making smarter machines, smart TV, smart homes and many more.
Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence
High Cost: Artificial Intelligence machines require a huge amount of investments as they are very complex to design. It involves years of research and experimentation to build the artificial intelligence machines. Moreover, repair and maintenance of AI machines are very costly. Frequent software updates are needed so as to adapt to new requirements and environment.
No creativity: Artificial Intelligent machines lack creativity. They can help you design and create things that they are programmed to. Other than that they cannot replicate the original thinking power of human mind.
Unemployment: Artificial Intelligence will replace humans in the majority of the tasks. This will lead to unemployment, which is an undesirable social phenomenon. Unemployment can lead to serious issues. Becoming dependent on AI Machines can make humans lazy.
Distribution of power: Artificial Intelligence machines can take the control away from humans. They can become a potential threat to the human race. Many technology scholars have shown their concern in the advancement of Artificial Intelligence technology.
Application of Artificial Intelligence:
1. Artificial Intelligence in Logistics and Supply Chain:
When combined with customer data and analytics, physical artificial intelligence removes friction from the customer experience. Artificial intelligence empowers businesses to act on consumer data to drive improvements throughout many areas of supply chain operations. Mobile technology and the “Uberization” of things have made consumers hungry for AI.
Consumers demand shorter delivery waits from retailers and retailers will expect the same from manufacturers and distribution centres. Autonomous trucks and robotic picking systems allow supply chains to make fulfilment seven days a week. Within the next five years, the shipping term “business days” will become obsolete as consumers expect delivery on nights and weekends.
AI in Healthcare:
In the year ahead, and particularly in the next five to ten years, artificial intelligence is going to have a big impact on the healthcare industry and the ways in which healthcare related companies utilize AI. Here is a short note from Dr. Jeff Dunn, CEO of Redivus Health. Redivus Health is a transformative mobile app used by healthcare providers to prevent medical errors by offering both clinical decision supports during critical medical events as well as documenting those events electronically in real time.
AI presents opportunities for our application to take the data we have gathered from patients and be able to clinically innovate to improve patient outcomes to an even greater extent. AI improves reliability, predictability, and consistency with quality and patient safety. For us, AI, as applied to software, is used as a decision augmentation tool, but it should not have free reign without human interaction and guidance. While it can’t replace doctors and nurses, it can make them more effective, efficient and happier on the job as it takes the cognitive burden off our providers – which increases confidence as well as reduces stress and anxiety.
2. Artificial Intelligence in e-Commerce:
Artificial Intelligence technology provides a competitive edge to e-commerce businesses and is becoming readily available to companies of any size or budget. Leveraging machine learning, AI software automatically tags, organizes and visually searches content by labelling features of the image or video.
AI is enabling shoppers to discover associated products whether it is size, colour, shape, or even brand. The visual capabilities AI is improving every year. By first obtaining visual cues from the uploaded imagery, the software can successfully assist the customer in finding the product they desire. Many e-commerce retailers are already becoming more sophisticated with their AI capabilities, and I only expect this to grow in the future.
Artificial intelligence continues to be a hot topic in the technology space as well as increasing its inception into other realms such as healthcare, business, and gaming. AI-powered chatbots in enterprises will also see an influx of people get more comfortable with how AI can actually benefit businesses versus, say, take away their jobs. From an analytical standpoint, AI can be incorporated into interfaces to change how they receive and understand data.
Chatbots, in particular, are always on, delivering smart and flexible analytics through conversations on mobile devices using standard messaging tools and voice-activated interfaces. This dramatically reduces the time to collect data for all business users, thereby accelerating the pace of business and streamlines the way analysts use their time, preparing companies for the growing data needs of the near future.
The field of artificial intelligence gives the ability to the machines to think analytically, using concepts. Tremendous contribution to the various areas has been made by the Artificial Intelligence techniques from the last 2 decades. Artificial Intelligence will continue to play an increasingly important role in the various fields. We conclude that further research in this area can be done as there are very promising and profitable results that are obtainable from such techniques .While scientists have not yet realized the full potential and ability of artificial intelligence.
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