Biotechnology Essays

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Introduction Biotechnology involves the use of living organisms. It is mainly used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. It is used all around the world, but mainly by the rich countries, like the United States, Spain, France and more. In medicine, biotechnology has many functions. From DNA sequencing, to healthcare biotechnology, to cell replacements. The main focus of this report is cloning. Cloning is the act of duplicating an organism through the use of biotechnology. Cloned subjects are known as...
4 Pages 1763 Words
Introduction Every day, a significant percentage of the world's human population consumes food products such as bread, yoghurt or cheese and drinks beverages like beer or wine. These products are present on our tables for a long period of time, but only since 1919 word “biotechnology” has been used[1]. The meaning of this word changed over time, but now it is considered that biotechnology “involves the use of living systems, organisms, or parts of organisms to manipulate natural processes in...
3 Pages 1529 Words
Introduction Biotechnology plays a key role in diagnosing infection, preventing infection and treating infected patients. Electron microscopy was used to reveal the morphology of the coronavirus. Samples from infected patients where inoculated onto Vero cells. RNA was extracted from the virus replication cell culture medium, RNA amplified with primer for full–length gene analysis. Phylogenetic tree analysis reveals that SARS-COV2 is related to SAR-COV (2003) and bats coronavirus. Bioinformatics tool has played a vital role in the data publication online in...
1 Page 272 Words
The UN Sustainable Development goals are goals set out to improve upon problems that are an issue on a global scale. There are 17 of these goals which set out to rectify their respective problems.1 For example, these goals include improving good health and well-being, obtaining affordable and clean energy, prevention of further climate change and improving conditions for both life on land and below water.2 The demand for fossil fuels is becoming greater and greater every year but the...
1 Page 591 Words
Introduction As the name suggests, biotechnology is technology that is based on biology. It utilises cellular and biomolecular procedures to develop products and methods which can be used to enhance business processes and improve our quality of life as well as the health of the environment (Bio, 2020). Mankind’s use of these biological processes are by no means a novel occurrence as we have utilised them for thousands of years to preserve food and produce food products such as cheese,...
5 Pages 2412 Words
The purpose of my essay is to address the importance of deepening our understanding within genetic engineering and application of biotechnology, in particular the application of CRISPR and how it can be used to treat genetic disease. This is done through the conjunction of a secondary review article about the ethical and social issues regarding genetic engineering and a primary research article detailing an example within the secondary article in more depth. A secondary article provides us with a wide...
3 Pages 1392 Words
In a bid to aid globalisation, the Australian Government established liberal trade policy agreements with low wage economies. However, according to a manufacturing report released in 2018 by the Department of Industry, Innovation and Science, it suggests liberal trade policies are hampering the growth of Australia's manufacturing industry instead of fueling economic growth. Australia’s manufacturing industry contributes 6% to the Australian GDP, however the utilisation of manufacturing has declined considerably over recent years. The Australian manufacturing industry exports $96.1 billion...
4 Pages 1561 Words
Yeast is one of the eukaryote cane be defined as unicellular fungi.Yeast is commonly used in biotechnology with successful applications due to its highly advantages features such as proper posttranslational modification, fast growth, simple genetic manipulation, high biomass concentration and safe pathogen-free production[1, 2].They involve production of several fermentation output such as alcohol, fermented milk and condiments, detailed in figure 1[3]. Yeast expression system can be classified into two parts: Non-methylotropic and methylotropic yeast. While methylotropic yeast involve methanol-utilizing pathway,...
3 Pages 1394 Words
A viable strategy to feed the planet and its people must also encourage the biodiversity preservation. One of the best ways to stimulate biodiversity is to reserve natural habitats. By sustaining or even increasing harvests on standing land, expansion of agriculture into natural areas can be minimized with help of biotechnology crops. Agriculture has been the pillar of food and nutrient supply not only for human but also for animals directly and indirectly. At this time agriculture is suffering from...
5 Pages 2187 Words
Introduction Since the beginning of the industrial revolution in 19th-century environmental pollution has grown into a global problem and has affected air, water, soil, and ecosystems. This has shown a direct impact on human health and well-being. Disorders and diseases like cardiovascular diseases, respiratory tract diseases, asthma, lung cancer, ventricular hypertrophy, autism, retinopathy, fetal growth, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases, psychological complications, and low birth weight (Ghorani-Azam et.al 2016). Ecologically, environmental pollution can cause major serious threats to the diversity of...
5 Pages 2206 Words
Animal biotechnology has developed quickly over the past 2 decades. Animal biotechnology is a part of biotechnology in which molecular biology is utilized genetically engineer animals so as to improve their suitability for pharmaceutical, farming or industrial applications. Animal biotechnology has been utilized to deliver genetically modified animals that combine helpful proteins, have improved development rates or are resistance to disease. Example of animal biotechnology include creating transgenic animals using gene knock out technology to make animals with a specific...
2 Pages 1038 Words
Biotechnology is unavoidable in today’s society. From household products to medical procedures, biotechnology is ubiquitous. Defined as “something that harnesses cellular and biomolecular processes to develop technologies and to help improve lives”, (Bio.org). There are three primary fields where biotechnology is used: medical, agricultural and industrial. Development in each of these fields is progressing at an exponential rate, with hundreds of new applications created each year. With progress in this area moving so rapidly, it is important to take time...
2 Pages 1130 Words
Physical chemistry is the investigation of plainly visible and particulate wonders in compound frameworks as far as the standards, practices, and ideas of material science for instance; movement, vitality, power, time, thermodynamics, quantum science, measurable mechanics, expository elements and chemical equilibrium. Or Physical chemistry; the part of science managing the relations between the physical properties of substances and their chemical creation and changes. Biotechnology; is an innovation that includes the utilization of living life forms. It is primarily utilized in...
5 Pages 2153 Words
ABSTRACT Biotechnology consists of various techniques that helps in improving and providing better life to human beings. Biotechnology has provided several biomedical tools and techniques, to diagnose and cure diseases. Even biotechnology set a new parameters in industrial, agricultural, and biomedical fields. With the help of biotechnology several new enzymes, antibodies and vaccines are founded, which have promised less expensive products and cost effective treatments for many hazardous diseases by replacing highly expensive treatments and drugs. Along with it biotechnology...
7 Pages 2957 Words
Abstract Recent upswing and advances in science and technology has exposed a great impact on all areas of human life. One of the most significant fields of science and technology is Biotechnology. The progression in biotechnology and the trends of biotechnology brought forward thinking and solutions for many of the complications that the human race are and will be facing, including but not limited to the problem of nourishing a large population but however, at the same time, it poses...
1 Page 483 Words
Rural biotechnology, otherwise called agritech, is a zone of horticultural science including the utilization of logical instruments and methods, including hereditary designing, sub-atomic markers, sub-atomic diagnostics, antibodies, and tissue culture, to adjust living life forms: plants, creatures, and microorganisms. Harvest biotechnology is one part of rural biotechnology which has been incredibly evolved upon lately. Wanted quality are sent out from a specific types of Crop to a completely various species. These transgene crops have alluring qualities regarding flavor, shade of...
1 Page 402 Words
INTRODUCTION The 20th century, the first things to cross one’s mind when the word is given is certainly not anything concerning advanced technology nor world changing biotechnology. The technology might have been below average at the time but a lot of the world’s most important biotechnological advancements were discovered in this era. Although there still is no dictionary definition that has gained universal acclaim; Biotechnology is defined simply by as technology that is based of biology. “Biotechnology harnesses cellular and...
3 Pages 1438 Words
Since the beginning of civilisation, it is known that humans have been fascinated by other species and beasts. This is known as ancient cave and rock paintings idolise animal species and the awareness that our ancestors had in the ability animals had in aiding human survival. What a lot has happened in the past 300,000 years. What makes Humans now think they are superior? Animals have always had a specific purpose for thousands of years. Farm dogs have been bred...
2 Pages 846 Words
This essay will attempt to discuss in detail the definitions of biosafety and bioethics, the different aspects surrounding biosafety and bioethics, as well as prominent biosafety and bioethics issues with regard to biotechnology and how they can be solved. Furthermore, how risk assessment plays a role in biosafety will be discussed, as well as certain suggestions to increase the level of biosafety. Laboratory biosafety will also be discussed briefly. Ways in which ethical issues regarding biotechnology can be addressed will...
6 Pages 2942 Words
Contrary to Jeanine, Crake wants to liberate humanity as a whole via his biotechnological inventions. Being frustrated with the entire humanity and its unwillingness to think and act responsibly in using the resources, Crake thinks of the new and ‘improved’ human race. In order to pause the horrible end of the pillaged and polluted world, he structures the Paradice project. Atwood speculates about the possible outcome of interspecies splicing and reveals how the technological hybridity leads towards a posthuman condition....
2 Pages 998 Words
BIOTECHNOLOGY AND ITS DIFFERENT FIELDS TWO simple science terms comprise the word biotechnology which is biology and technology that is the technology by the employment of biological resources makes our life comfortable and convenient. (1) There are 4 branches of biotechnology; 1, red biotechnology 2, white biotechnology, 3, blue biotechnology and 4, green biotechnology. Red biotechnology; red biotechnology paved the way in medical sciences through the use of antibiotics to overcome bacterial infections of viruses, it has shown significant progress...
4 Pages 1715 Words
ABSTRACT Current technology joins phenotypes to genetic markers to permit marker-assisted selection. Biomarkers are utilized to foresee phenotypic properties and are important tools for both crucial and applied research. Such biomarkers can help with developing fast, targeted, and minimal cost diagnostic tests that will encourage crop breeding projects and quality control. Recent years have witnessed an expansion in research reports on the essential part of miRNAs in plant stress response. This term paper explores the developing function of miRNAs as...
6 Pages 2565 Words
Introduction Gene silencing is the regulation of gene expression in a cell to prevent the expression of a certain gene. Gene silencing can occur during either transcription or translation and is often used in research. Methods used to silence genes are being increasingly used to produce therapeutics to combat cancer and other diseases, such as infectious diseases and neurodegenerative disorders. Gene silencing is nearly similar to gene knockout, in gene silencing the expression of the gene was suppresed, whereas in...
3 Pages 1296 Words
Introduction Functional foods are known to possess an additional characteristic by adding new ingredients or increasing the existing ingredients. This term may apply to those traits which are purposely incorporated into existing edible plants, such as purple or gold potatoes having enriched anthocyanin or carotenoid contents, respectively. They are designed to contain physiological benefits which reduce the danger of chronic disease beyond basic nutritional functions, and will be similar in appearance to the actual existing plants. The Food and Drug...
2 Pages 987 Words
INTRODUCTION Microorganisms have been used for preparing food products like bread, yogurt, coward, alcohol-dependent drinkable, cheese, etc, for a very long time. The first genetically modified plant was produced in 1983, using an antibiotic drug-resistant tobacco plant. In 1994, the transgenic Flavor Saver tomato was released. The modification allowed the tomato to delay ageing after picking. In the early 1990s, recombine choosiness was approved for use in several countries, replacing rennet in cheese-making.Biotechnology can be defined as the use of...
2 Pages 932 Words
Food science is defined as the study of the physical, biological and chemical of food, which most of the studies related to food processing and food deterioration while food technology is the application of it involved in packaging, preservation and food safety (Institute of Fodd Technologies, 2019). The fields that closely related to the food technology are such as biotechnology, engineering, nutrition and quality and safety management. In this review, biotechnology will be discussed on its roles and applications towards...
4 Pages 1941 Words
USING BIOTECHNOLOGY IN CROP DEVELOPMENT Farmers have been practising a crude form of biotechnology for centuries by cross-breeding plants to introduce and maintain desirable characteristics. More recently, plant technologists have bombarded plant cells or small plants with radiation that damages DNA, causing random changes that so result in 'better' plants. However, the newest, truly biotechnological techniques involve genetic engineering and produce the genetically modified (GM) plants and crops that are so often in the news. So, how are plants genetically...
5 Pages 2103 Words
After bombardment, the somatic embryos of the papaya (Carica papaya) will be selected on medium containing 150 g mL−1 kanamycin monosulfate for 3 months. According to Drew and Smith(1986), germination of the papaya then will be induced on a modified de Fossard medium (de Fossard et al., 1974) and will be supplemented with 25 g mL−1 kanamycin. Single plantlets will then transferred into vessels containing the same medium without kanamycin. In the culture medium, high concentration of minerals and hormones...
3 Pages 1088 Words
Biotechnology is defined as “the exploitation of living systems and biological processes to develop tools for technological use”. It may be applied in areas such as industry, medicine, environmental sciences as well as computer design. The field of biotechnology is very broad because there is such a wealth of biological phenomena which we could harness for human benefit. However, although these biological advances have positive and reliable uses in today’s society, it also poses various ethical and social concerns affecting...
3 Pages 1388 Words
Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) are the result of modern food biotechnology, a process of genetic engineering. Since the world is mounted by overpopulation and scarcity, science has provided a solution: agricultural biotechnology. Genetically engineered crops are the future of agriculture. According to the World Health Organization, Genetically Modified (GM) foods are from organisms whose genetic material has been altered in an unnatural way by introducing a gene from a different organism. Seeds that are genetically modified are much more costly...
6 Pages 2929 Words
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