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Court Essays

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Ethical concerns are very relevant when working with these different populations: nonviolent, violent, and trauma victims. Psychologists should remain aware of the relationships they have with their clients as well as make sure to stay competent in their work. When working in the prison setting, you will face many challenges due to the prison having its own culture, language, and formalities (Kupersanin, 2001). Some ethical concerns psychologists may face when treating nonviolent offenders within the legal system restrictions would be trust and confidentiality. It would be hard for the psychologists to establish trust being that the inmates would possibly be distant and not want to express their feelings. One thing that all of the populations have in common is the loss of privacy in which they suppress their emotions. Clients may not want to disclose significant and personal information to the psychologist unless they are reassured that no one else will obtain this information (Mailloux, 2014).

There is something else psychologists should understand when working with these target populations that will affect a conflict between their duties as psychologists and the ethical obligations that they owe to each person and how to professionally find a solution to these conflicts. For example, s psychologists can be faced with a dilemma when a violent offender attempts to escape and has made a plan to do so. If the psychologist fails to report this information, he or she will be faced with legal ramifications. Ethical concerns that follow when treating trauma victims would be to focus on suicide risk as well as helpful or hurtful treatments. For example, it would be in the psychologist’s best interest to address the issues of childhood trauma which can cause suicidal behaviors, and then work to prevent those behaviors. To create a space of integrity when working with all of these populations, it is in the best interest of the psychologist to provide safeguarding so the clients will feel that they can interact without feeling scared and be able to gain insight(Mailloux, 2014).

Impact of Supreme Court Cases

There have been several Supreme Court Cases that have impacted the development and implementation of treatment programs for these three target populations. The court cases that I have chosen to assess would be Lopez v. Davis (2001), Kansas v. Crane (2002), and Maryland v. Craig (1990). Lopez v. Davis (2001) addressed whether all, or merely some, of the federal prisoners who were convicted of nonviolent offenses and who have successfully completed a Bureau of Prisons (BOP) drug treatment program are eligible for a sentence reduction, Kansas v. Craig hit on the issue of a dangerous sexual offender’s confinement as civil rather than criminal and held that the confinement criterion embodied in the statute’s words — ‘mental abnormality or personality disorder’ — satisfied substantive due process, and Maryland vs. Craig discussed the issue of stress that could have been placed on several young children who did not want to testify in the courtroom in the presence of the defendant.

Supreme Court Cases: Non-violent

The instance of Lopez v. Davis affected treatment programs for nonviolent offenders who have especially abused drugs. In 1995, the Bureau of Prisons distributed a standard to represent ‘early discharge reasons’. Just detainees who didn’t carry out an ‘act of violence’ would be qualified for the program. Christopher A. Lopez applied for the program but was denied. Lopez had been sentenced for ownership with the purpose to publicize while having a gun at the hour of his offense. The Bureau of Prisons proposed that this was a ‘wrongdoing of brutality’. Lopez appealed and BOP expressed how they had the choice to accept or deny and this incorporated the information that a detainee must meet the two statutory essentials for sentence decrease—conviction of a nonviolent offense and effective quality of medication treatment—at that point early discharge might be allowed(Lopez v Davis, 2001)This case impacts treatment since it has given nonviolent offenders the chance to locate an option in dissimilarity to remaining in jail for extensive stretches of time. The individualized treatment will likewise allow the guilty party to access new methodologies to shield them from mishandling medications and entering the system once more.

Supreme Court Cases: Violent

For those individuals who have committed sexually violent acts will likely fall under Kansas v. Crane. This case helped in deciding how sexual criminals are subjected to treatment based on their crimes. This viably makes it harder for states to commonly submit violent sexual criminals after they have served their jail terms (Kansas v Crane, 2002). This incorporates commanded aftercare treatment for people sentenced for this kind of fierce wrongdoing. This is upsetting progress as far as proceeding with treatment and implementing aftercare follow-up for guilty parties who have carried out savage sexual offenses.

Supreme Court Cases: Trauma

Treatment for trauma has been impacted due to the case of Maryland v. Craig. The children, in this case, were subjected to testify on a video so that they would not have to relive the trauma they endured. If the children would have been in the courtroom, they would have recalled every part of their traumatic experience and that could impact their treatment socially since they are working on strategies to help them cope. Trauma victims should have the option to deny any factor that may impact their treatment.

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Federalism and the 2nd Amendment to the US Constitution

Over the years, the U.S. Supreme Court has evaded dealing with the issue of the Second Amendment and the right to bear arms in the U.S. Constitution. The last time that they did was back in 2008 and 2010 which saw victories for those in favor of carrying fire arms. The facts are, there are different sides to this argument, whether that the 2nd Amendment covers all weapons, or certain ones, and if we are sticking to the constitution and...
4 Pages 1850 Words

PlayNation Vs Velex Litigation

PlayNation served Velex with a complaint that stated Velex was infringing on PlayNation’s trademark. The district court ruled in PlayNation’s favor. The court employed seven factors when making the determination: the strength of the plaintiff’s mark; the similarity of the marks; the similarity of the products the marks represent; the similarity of the parties’ retail outlets and customers; the similarity of advertising media; the defendant’s intent; and actual confusion. The court ruled that the use of the trademark by PlayNation...
1 Page 507 Words

Objective of Independence of the Judiciary: Essay on American Constitution

Independence of Judiciary In India, the question of the independence of the judiciary has been a subject of heated national debates and articles over the last many years. It has exercised the minds of legislators, jurists, and politicians. Both the supporters and the opponents have cogent arguments in support of their views. This question assumes great importance whenever the Supreme Court holds a particular Act passed by the parliament of the constitution or whenever Government supersedes any person while making...
2 Pages 931 Words

Unintentional Tort or Negligence: Description of a Court Case in Canada

Summary Mr. Mustapha lawsuit against Culligan of Canada Ltd. was the case captured media attention in 2005. According to Mr. Mustapha, when his wife was opening a new bottle of water which they purchased from Culligan of Canada Ltd., she discovered a dead fly floating in it. After that, the couple claimed they had been vomited and Mr. Mustapha developed into an extreme psychiatric reaction characterized by server depression, anxiety and phobia. The mental illness caused him to lose revenue...
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Analysis of Key Areas to Be Improved in Victorian Criminal Court System: Appointment of Judges, Due Process, Mandatory Sentencing

Chosen Topics: Appointment of Judges Due Process Mandatory Sentencing 1. Appointment of Judges The process of appointing heads of jurisdiction has been the topic of a public debate within recent years. The Judicial Conference (2015 pvi) outlines that the Executive government is responsible for such appointments, obligated by the parliament who is ultimately selected by the electorates. Affectively this would suggest that a generalised political view at the time decides which individual is appointed. It is the purpose of the...
4 Pages 1900 Words

Invalidity of the 8th Amendment in Supreme Court Cases

The Bill of Rights was included in the Constitution to keep the government in line, to ensure we always have our right to life, liberty, and property. The Eighth Amendment in the Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution in December of 1791. This amendment ensures that when found punishable for a crime, the punishment shall not be excessive, cruel, or unusual. Throughout the years, many have begun to question if the Supreme Court has even acknowledged and exercised...
1 Page 496 Words

The Assembly and the Law Courts as the Main State Institutions in Athens

The Assembly and the law courts were democratic institutions. These institutions were political and contributed to the empowerment and betterment of the Athenian state. This essay will discuss how the law courts were the most important democratic institution in Athens through its executive role. By exploring how the Assembly and the law courts operated as independent institutions and how the Assembly by the 4th century BC was incredibly governed by the law courts. In addition, the weaknesses of the Assembly...
5 Pages 2152 Words

Case of Kelo Vs New London: Essay

In this essay, I am going to review one of the most reviled Supreme Court cases in the United States, the 2005 Kelo v. New London case. In the Kelo v. New London case, New London, a city in Connecticut, used its eminent domain jurisdiction to confiscate remote property to vend to private developers. The city claimed acquiring the land would generate jobs and raise tax revenues. Susette Kelo was among the others whose property was seized and sued New...
1 Page 458 Words

Practical Case Describing Appeal to The Supreme Court Of Florida

Petitioner appeals his conviction by the lower court at trial of one count of first-degree arson, in violation of Florida statue 806.01(1). Constitutional and Policy Provisions Involved. Florida Statue (insert weird thingy) Florida statue 806.01 provides in pertinent part: Any person who willfully and unlawfully, or while in the commission of any felony, by fire or explosion, damages or causes to be damaged: Any dwelling, whether occupied or not, or its contents; Any structure, or contents thereof, where persons are...
2 Pages 841 Words

Essay on Court of Appeal: Description of Case from Criminal Division

In The Court Of Appeal (Criminal Division) between: Regina, Respondant, v. Sam, Appellant Introduction This is a submission on behalf of the appellant in the matter of Regina v Sam now being appealed to the court of appeal (Criminal Division). Salient Facts On the 26th July a fire was discovered in a large field of wheat. The farm was owned by Western Foods limited but run by a tenant farmer named Adam Macey. Police arrested Sam who is Tony’s niece...
3 Pages 1305 Words

Court of Appeal: Case in Medical Services Sector

The court of appeal between Jimmy Brown (Appellant) and Galaxy General Hospital (Defendant). Notice of appeal I. The learned Trial Judge, Campbell J, erred in law in holding that Dr. Roberts was not negligent in performing the operation and that the procedure in question was a general and approved practice. II. The learned Trial Judge erred in law in failing to find that the operation in question did not contain inherent defects and was carried out with the appropriate standard...
4 Pages 1812 Words

Essay on Importance of Neuroscience in Courtrooms

As neuroscience begins to grow, it will soon be able to find the objective in the human brain and reveal to courtrooms the secrets hiding in a criminal’s mind. The first-time brain scans were used in a courtroom was in 2003. To understand the topic better, understanding how the brain works is something to discuss first. The human brain is one of the most complex organs in the human body. Weighing three pounds and made up of one hundred billion...
1 Page 596 Words

Criminal Courts in Scotland

In Scotland, there is a vast difference between the criminal and civil courts’ structure. The different courts settle different cases solving individual disputes. The civil court’s structure handles legal disputes involving individual matters in different categories by the type of dispute, such as company law, family law, and partnership law. Its main focus is to recompense the innocent party affected by a separate party. On the other hand, criminal law is a procedure of an effort by the state to...
2 Pages 1107 Words

The Hierarchy Of The Civil And Criminal Courts And Their Structure

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3 Pages 1341 Words

Federal And State Court System In The USA

The court system in the United States is based on the government system. The term “federalism” is defined as “a system of government power” ( In the United States, government power includes the national and state government. The White House in Washington, D.C is the symbol of the national government or federal government. Each state has its own state government or local government. The United States has fifty state governments. Some powers of the federal government are “regulating trade between...
1 Page 460 Words

Court System And Proceedings

The role of court system is to help citizens protect their constitutional rights and enforce the rights of individuals. Their main purpose is to give opportunities to parties that are in conflict to be heard in the court in order to solve the dispute in a fair, consistent and rational manner using the law and also to bring justice towards people who have been wronged. The parties take the help of lawyers who are legal representation that will provide the...
1 Page 590 Words

Planning And Environmental Court In The Supreme And District Courts Of Brisbane Observation

INTRODUCTION Between August 20th and 23rd I observed six hours of legal procedure in Planning and Environmental Court in the Supreme and District Courts of Brisbane. Over the course of the three days I observed the court, I witnessed a range of reviews as well as two different hearings held by two different judges. Many similarities and a spattering of differences became evident especially in relation to human experience which I will focus my report on in this report along...
6 Pages 2576 Words

The Family Court And Taylah Clavell Federal Circuit Court Of Australia

Law reform is the process of reviewing current laws and proposing and introducing reforms in the legal system in order to promote justice or efficiency. The law reform bodies or law commissions are closely linked and are entities formed to promote legislative reforms. The Family Court was created by the legislation on Family Law Act 1975 (Cth) which aims to help decide complicated family law issues. This law regulates the competence and functions of the Family Court. The Federal Circuit...
2 Pages 1086 Words

The Effectiveness Of International Criminal Court

INTRODUCTION In our society, are we safe? Do we have anyone to hear us, or do us justice? I’m afraid we never talked about it, but it seems like a key concern for everybody. The present world is pounded with demonstrations of fear-based oppression like those of viciousness, fatalities, atrocious crimes, corruption and bribery, individuals misusing their authority, and so forth., which poses a question for us if we still live in an impartial society (Sahai,2015). In order to protect...
6 Pages 2726 Words

Court System Of Great Britain: Evaluation, Development And Perspectives

In this essay, I will critically discuss the court system of England and Wales, including the historical context and significant developments as well as the different perspectives of the court system. I will also compare England and Wales court system to others in the world and I will argue that the England and Wales court system is the most successful system. A court is a place where trials and legal cases take place, it is the place where decisions are...
7 Pages 2983 Words

Analysis of Roe vs. Wade: To What Extent Is It the Role of the Judiciary to Intervene in Politics

The role of the judiciary in the political process is a complex one, and, as with much else in politics is essentially a question of who wields power. In recent times, it is also an issue that has achieved significant public salience, with high-profile Supreme Court rulings on both sides of the Atlantic occurring at the same time as growing public indignation at the apparent unaccountability of international courts which seek to alter domestic law. This dissertation will analyse the...
6 Pages 2671 Words

Workplace Environment And Employees’ Performance: The Court System

Introduction The courts system in Nigeria and elsewhere has been composed to settle disputes, ensure public order, prosperity and sustain societal peace. This has been the practice of civilized states to ensure that as important as justice is, it’s not left in the hands of political and social interests. The courts system in Nigeria as presently constituted was established by Nigerian Constitution of 1999. Though the 1999 Constitution is not the first legal framework that established the court system in...
4 Pages 2046 Words

Functional MRI to Serve as a Lie Detector: Hit or Miss

In the article written by Patrick Keefe, ‘Can a Brain Scan Tell if You’re Lying?’, Keefe writes about experts that side with fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging) and their ability to be used as a lie detector test. The lie detector test would be used in court cases to determine if the offender is guilty or innocent in the crime that was committed. With fMRI still being a work in progress with many more studies needed to be done to...
5 Pages 2240 Words
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