This period of discovery lasted from about 1418 to 1620. During this time, European explorers made many daring voyages that changed world history. A major reason for these voyages was the desire to find sea routes to East Asia, which Europeans called the Indies. When Christopher Columbus sailed west across the Atlantic Ocean, he was looking for such a route. Instead, he landed in the Americas. Columbus thought he had reached the Indies. In time, Europeans would realize that he...
Marco Polo was an Italian merchant and explorer, famous for introducing Europeans to China and Central Asia. He inspired future travelers, including Christopher Columbus. Born presumably in the Republic of Venice around 1254, Marco Polo played an important role in cartography. His pioneering explorations of East Asia, as depicted in his iconic book, led to the 1450 Fra Mauro map which has been considered the “greatest memorial of medieval cartography”. His father, Niccolo Polo was a wealthy merchant who traded...
Geographical Location: Polynesia is located in the Pacific, an area of islands and ocean between New Zealand, Hawaii and Rapa Nui (Easter Island). The name itself Polynesia is derived from Greek words meaning many islands. A fitting name for an area containing over 1,000 individual islands, though only a handful of islands are currently inhabited. Hawaii, New Zealand, Samoa, Tonga, Rapa Nui, French Polynesia, Tuvalu and the Cook Islands are the most notable of those inhabited islands. Located in the...
Since ancient times, humans have navigated the waters surrounding them. As centuries passed, mankind has spread farther and faster. The best example of this widespread cross-Atlantic exploration is a period from around 1450 to 1650, aptly named the Age of Exploration. In this age, the Spanish and Portuguese sailed to the New World, around the coast of Africa, and even around the planet. To accomplish this task, the various explorers used the newest technologies to find their way, be it...
In 1507, the name America emerged after a world map was created based on the travels of Amerigo Vespucci. Amerigo Vespucci was a merchant and explorer who sail the New World for Spain in the 15th century. Vespucci was born on March 9, 1454, in, Italy. Vespucci’s family were friends with the Medici family, who ruled Italy from the 1400s to 1737. Amerigo had received his early education from his uncle, friar Giorgio Antonio Vespucci. Vespucci made his expeditions sometime...
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A brief history about Taiwan During the Yuan dynasty (1206–1368), when the Mongols ruled China, the P’eng-hu (Penghu) Islands within the Taiwan Strait were brought under China’s control. In 1430 the Ming dynasty’s famous explorer Zheng He (Cheng Ho) landed on Taiwan and obtained from the aboriginal people herbal medicines that were said to possess “miracle powers.” Meanwhile, perhaps as early as the 7th century, Chinese fishermen visited the P’eng-hu Islands, and doubtless, some farmers settled there and on Taiwan...
Scientists discovered bones and eggs from over 120 million-years ago, (Gramling,2017) in Beijing, China. This collection of 215 eggs, was accompanied by the bones of older individuals, all belonging to a type of Pterosaur called the Hamipterus tianshanensis. The remains were all in different stages of development. This collection led paleontologists to assume that these gigantic flying reptiles nested close together, (Grens, 2017). When paleontologist Alexander Kellner first saw the 35-square-foot block of sandstone filled with Pterosaur fossils, he couldn’t...
The interest concerning the exploration and search for the North Pole has been discussed and debated throughout history due to a variety of reasons. This interest has continued to current times where there are constant debates about the North Pole regarding who was the first to reach it and what were the motives for the explorations. The explorations and expeditions of Constantine Phipps, Heratio Nelson, William Edward Parry and the Polaris Expedition, Frederick Cook, and Robert Peary are all examples...
Since the publication of Said’s book Orientalism, travel literature has always been mentioned in association with colonial, and post-colonial literature. Jolanta Sztachelska claims that “the nineteenth century in Europe was the period of travel mania.” The purpose of this obsession with travel was very simple: profit with the leitmotiv commonly known as civilizing mission . For Nicklas Hållénm “travel literature about Africa… has more to do with [Western] colonial travel literature than with Africa or actual African regions, histories and...