Short on time?

Get essay writing help

Surrogacy Essays

44 samples in this category

Types and Aspects of Surrogacy

Surrogacy literally means substitute or ‘taking the place of someone else’. In the case of a surrogate mother, she carries a fetus and bears a child on behalf of another person or couple, having agreed to surrender that child to them at birth or shortly afterward. The act of one woman bearing a child for another is almost as old as childbirth itself, and it was mentioned in the bible. However, in the 1980s surrogacy became one of the most...
4 Pages 2021 Words

Surrogacy in India: Multiple Perspectives

While the previous chapters have dealt with the contents and similarities and differences of the 2016 Bill and the Standing Committee Report, this chapter aims to critically engage with their understanding and approach to commercial surrogacy using the perspectives of morality and autonomy, economic freedom and risks, as well as health approaches and the disability movement’s response to commercial surrogacy. A Feminist Analysis Surrogacy may influence the ways in which society views reproductive rights and enables them to be exercised....
8 Pages 3619 Words

European Personal and Family Law: Foreign Surrogacy

Introduction Advisory opinions in the world over, have been appreciated and acknowledged as an important source of law[footnoteRef:1], especially in the verge of jurisprudential development. Legal practitioners, diplomats and policy makers in Europe and beyond are agreeable to the fact that the precedents emanating from the European Court of Human rights has contributed positively towards the development of not only the human rights regime in Europe but also the practice of public international law[footnoteRef:2]. [1: Hambro, E. (1954). The authority...
8 Pages 3800 Words

Ethical Issues of Surrogacy as a Medical Technology

Science and Jewish ethics have begun to occasionally conflict as new technologies increase. While science revolutionises our society, ethics ensures that we still have the right values. Jewish medical ethics uses traditional halacha as a basis. During biblical times, the technology that is available today did not exist and so most rabbinical commentaries do not specifically have as much guidance on medical ethics. Surrogacy is a new medical technology that has only been around for the last 40 years, and...
1 Page 570 Words

Surrogacy: Arguments For and Against

Section 1 Introduction 1.1 Concept Throughout the years the craving of having a tyke by a fruitless couple has been fulfilled by the way toward embracing a youngster. In the present occasions, fruitless couples or same-sex couples or single people who look for parenthood can settle on different alternatives like Assistive Reproductive Technology (ART), In-vitro Fertilization (IVF) and Intra-Uterine Injections (IUI). Yet, with the surrogacy technique, the couple looks for an opportunity to bring up a youngster that is hereditarily...
4 Pages 1639 Words

Legal And Non-legal Measures in Justice of Surrogacy and Birth Technologies

One of the main purposes of any legal system is to protect the most vulnerable, in this case, its the family members. To an extent, legal and non-legal methods have been largely ineffective when achieving justice for family members in relation to surrogacy and birth technologies. Surrogacy has been a prominent issue in regard to achieving justice for family members. Surrogacy is the act of a woman giving birth to a baby on behalf of another person as known as...
3 Pages 1571 Words

Surrogacy: the Executive and Legislative Responses

While the last chapter examined judicial responses to the issue of surrogacy in India, the present chapter intends to discuss and analyse responses of the executive and the legislature. Surrogacy activity in India used to occur without any serious government monitoring or regulation. In 2005, the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) issued guidelines on surrogacy.[footnoteRef:1] The ICMR is a body, funded by the Indian government, responsible for the formulation, coordination, and promotion of biomedical research.[footnoteRef:2] Many fertility clinics today...
7 Pages 2977 Words

Family Law in Australia: Society Work and Surrogacy

Part A: Essay questions 1. In what way is the dissenting view of L’Heureux-Dubé J in Re Attorney-General of Canada v Mossop (1993) 100 DLR 4th 658 relevant to the way family law and society work? In Re Attorney-General of Canada V Mossop, Brian Mossop sort a bereavement leave to attend the funeral of his same-sex partner’s fathers and was denied. The majority held that the Canadian Human Rights Act did not accord him a right to claim leave under...
5 Pages 2432 Words

Challenges Facing LGBTQ Families: Adoption, Foster Care, Surrogacy, and Donor Insemination

Abstract With the evolution of predominant values and mainstream culture, the definition of ‘family’ is constantly changing in the United States. Due to social transformations brought by the decline in heterosexual marriage and the growth of working females, the nuclear family, the family formed by heterosexual parents with their biological child or children, lost its dominant status in family forms. Moreover, the chosen family, which covers a wide range, from the adoptive family to same-sex parents with their surrogate children,...
8 Pages 3801 Words

Female Sexuality and Surrogacy

In this essay, I will be exploring Satz’s egalitarian argument for why we should limit markets in female reproductive labour. I will argue that Satz’s thesis is compelling, with regards to the assertion that contract pregnancy promotes the control of women’s bodies and behaviour. I will also argue that contract pregnancy exploits certain women with intersecting identities, specifically within the sphere of international surrogacy arrangements. Although I agree with Satz’s argument that contract pregnancy is counter to women’s liberation, I...
4 Pages 1643 Words

The Peculiarities of Care, Adoption, and Surrogacy

“I’ve seen you cringe just a little when someone says your child is lucky to have you. Because you know with all your being that it is the other way around” (Harris). This elucidates that when someone has the opportunity of becoming a caregiver they feel as if they’re the ones who are blessed rather than the child who is able to have a chance in the world. Caregiving is a very significant act of love that is shown all...
3 Pages 1473 Words

Sexual Deviance: Death, Bioethics, and Utility

Morality and sin, these two terms are associated with the term Sexual Deviance which is the act of being deviant from the norms and standards of the society in terms of what they believed is right in terms of sexual activities. Many speculations exist because of different perspectives towards this issue. As stated in the work of J. H. Gagnon (1968), the view about sexual deviance evolves around the definition of mental health and emotional disturbance. There are numerous sexual...
3 Pages 1259 Words

Artificial Intelligence in Assisted Reproductive Technology: Boon or Bane

Motherhood is a joy cherished through natural conception and in case of infertility accomplished by substituted reproduction called as Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART). One such ART technique in begetting a genetic child is through Surrogacy[footnoteRef:2]. Though in India, infertility rate is increasing at an alarming speed, the Country as a matter of Public Policy has taken a rigid approach in banning Commercial Surrogacy and allowing only Altruistic form of Surrogacy. Global Scientific advancement in the reproductive sector coupled by Machine...
3 Pages 1450 Words

The Peculiarities of being Surrogate Mother in the United States

“I thought that selling an egg would be like giving blood, like checking the Organ Donation box on your driver’s license, like giving away something you’d never wanted or even noticed much to begin with. And yes, at first, I was just in it for the money. It wasn’t about altruism or feminism, or any other ism. It was about the cash…I was going to take that money and I was going to try to save my father.” (Weiner 12)....
3 Pages 1391 Words

Surrogacy as a Reproductive Technology

It has been estimated that more than 80 million people are affected by infertility across the world. When a couple is not able to conceive a child naturally it seems to have a huge impact on the relationship as in most cases women are the normally blamed for being infertile. Society has also created a stereotype for women who are infertile to see themselves as different from the women who can conceive. This results to a crisis in the couple’s...
2 Pages 1010 Words

The Features Of Surrogacy Systems in Australia

Surrogacy is an intrinsic, complex subject that encompasses many issues – the lack of enforcement in domestic arrangements, illegal arrangements, human trafficking and exploitation, and the legal consequences of leaving children stateless or without guardians. The Australian surrogacy system does not effectively protect the interests of Australian stakeholders nor provide the opportunity for safe surrogacy arrangements. Due to the lack of regulation and legislative protection for enforcement surrounding surrogacy, and Australia’s complex adoption system, Australians are turning to international surrogacy...
4 Pages 2032 Words

Legislative Aspects of Surrogacy

Executive summary Surrogacy is an increasingly popular arrangement that can be defined as when a woman holds and gives birth to a baby for another individual/ couple . The law surrounding surrogacy in the UK is anachronistic and desperately in need of substantial legislative reform to keep up with contemporary society. Even though the laws have marginally changed to protect the intended parents more than previously and we are seeing a more even shift of the balance of power in...
7 Pages 2974 Words

Maternity Services and Surrogacy in India

Abstract This article majorly looks at three different works concerning women’s health and the taboos related to it, which includes the maternity services offered by dais in different parts of India and surrogacy. The three works are: Can Maternity Services open up to the Indigenous Traditions of Midwifery by Mira sadgopal, The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019 and two Bollywood films, Doosri Dulhan (1983) and Chori Chori Chupke Chupke (2001). Both the films depict sex workers as surrogate mothers and talks...
6 Pages 2555 Words

The Surrogacy Market And The Way Surrogate Mothers Should Be Treated

Mistreatment of Surrogate mothers Surrogate mothers are like our mothers too, they deserve the same amount of respect and kindness we give to our mothers, however, surrogate mothers around the world today are still being mistreated. On 8th October 2015, a surrogate mother in the US was the first to die from surrogate pregnancy. An Idaho woman named Brooke, served as a surrogate three times when carrying twins, reportedly for a Spanish couple. These women are being paid to give...
3 Pages 1250 Words

Surrogacy: Positive and Negative Sides

The idea of progress can be defined as an improvement, a development or a change, a technical, scientific or social advance which contributes to making the world a better place. In today’s world, progress is developing at a very fast rate. We see scientific progress medical advances, cures for illness, cloning, enhancement of drugs, genetically modified organisms. We also perceive technological progress: hybrid cars, wind turbines, solar panels, biofuel, nuclear power, advances in the internet, the social media, mobile phones,...
4 Pages 1644 Words

Possible Issues with Surrogate Mothers

Surrogacy is an arrangement, where a surrogate mother consents to deliver a child for a individual or couple who will become the parent of the child after delivery. Some think that surrogacy is a problem because it compromises the sanctity of marriage, where other think surrogacy is an issue because the surrogacy organizations that people may use have been known to exploit their surrogates. Surrogates are often wanted when maternity is difficult, when pregnancy dangers are too dangerous for the...
1 Page 593 Words

Uterine Transplants and Surrogacy in Islam

Infertility is, unfortunately, a common occurrence in modern society. 15% of the population at the reproductive age are infertile and 3-5% of them are infertile due to uterine dysfunction. Whether the dysfunction is caused by past hysterectomies due to illnesses like uterine cancer, being born without a uterus, or uterine hyperplasia, the uterus is either non-existent or not viable for pregnancy. Although there are other ways to have children such as surrogacy or adoption, these options do not work for...
3 Pages 1424 Words

The Issue of Surrogate Mothers Rights

In 2004, the Canadian government passed the Assisted Human Reproduction Act (AHR Act) that was designed to “prevent the commercialization of surrogacy and sperm and ova donation” in Canada (Health Canada, 2019). The AHR Act states that “no person shall pay consideration to a female person to be a surrogate mother, offer to pay such consideration or advertise that it will be paid” (Government of Canada, 2019). Despite the strict prohibition on surrogacy, Health Canada acknowledges that reproductive donors and...
4 Pages 1987 Words

Surrogacy One Of The Most Common Approaches To Address Both Biological And Social Infertility

Introduction Nature has bestowed the beautiful power to procreate a life within women, and every woman cherishes the motherhood experience. An individual’s right to reproduction is his inherent right. The desire for children is a common phenomenon among couples. Parenthood is a life-altering experience that is eternally rewarding. The pain and suffering of struggling to fulfill the parenthood vision are unmitigated. The science of care for infertility has advanced by leaps and bounds. The institution of family has been granted...
3 Pages 1208 Words

Surrogacy in The Handmaid's Tale

In The Handmaid’s Tale, Moira, the Commander, and Serena Joy’s resistance aligns with individual liberty, malevolence, and surrogacy of women in present-day society. In today’s world, we’ve feminist groups who advocate for women’s rights and gender equality, which demonstrates Moira’s rebellion within the novel. The Commander is a person who is in on the new arrangement of Gilead which should be his ideal society, especially since he added to the dispatch of Gilead. He has a craving sexual desire, and...
4 Pages 1662 Words

How Health and Social Care can Help Families with Specific Needs

Health and social care in the UK are the source used to find help and support for our wellbeing. It relates to the healthcare provision infrastructure. Health care are a massive subject. However, it mainly focuses on the basics of our needs if hurt or unwell, agencies such as doctors, nurses and paramedics. Social care is more mental health and wellbeing, agencies such as councillors. This essay will discuss how health and social care can help same sex relationships wanting...
4 Pages 1942 Words

Surrogacy: Psychological Exploitation Of Women

I think the concept of surrogacy is not ethical. people is natural nature of life to develop. Surrogacy violate the natural to develop. Even used any reason and other people to help them to get pregnancy and born baby. It is not the nature way to pregnancy a baby. Surrogacy is using the technology to product the baby and sell them.Humans from birth and Development and Growth and death is a natural process. Humans should not interfere with and transform...
2 Pages 956 Words

Surrogacy: Legalizing Incentivized Donations Saves Lives

In the article “Why Legalizing Organ Sales Would Help to Save Lives, End Violence” the author states “There are only about 20,000 kidneys every year for the approximately 80,000 patients on the waiting list. In 2008, nearly 5,000 died waiting (Gregory)”. These numbers are on the rise and we must pass sensible regulations to allow for the legal sale of kidneys or people will continue to die as a result of the shortage of available organs. Many people find the...
2 Pages 1069 Words

Surrogacy as an Effective Method to Solve Infertility Issue

In the current world, a female who is not capable of bearing a child can have one through surrogacy. In this, a fertile woman carries a baby and gives birth on behalf of the one who does not have the capability of conceiving. Many legal issues are encompassed during surrogacy; hence individuals intending to proceed with the option are recommended to seek legal advice. Studies have confirmed surrogacy to be an effective method of conception. However, it is necessary to...
1 Page 412 Words

Current Perspectives On The Ethics Of Surrogacy

Surrogacy, or what many would call “womb renting”, is an increasingly apparent practice where women lend their bodies to undergo pregnancy and give birth to a baby (The Center for Bioethics and Culture Network, 2017). This bodily service is usually rendered with a monetary fee. It has since then become a complex issue plagued with several controversial issues on the ethical nature of the practice. Surrogates act as gestational carriers by carrying a pregnancy to delivery after having been implanted...
2 Pages 929 Words
price Check the Price of Your Paper
Number of pages
Email Invalid email

By continuing, you agree to our Terms of Use & Privacy Policy.

Join 100k satisfied students
  • Get original paper written according to your instructions
  • Save time for what matters most
hire writer

Fair Use Policy

EduBirdie considers academic integrity to be the essential part of the learning process and does not support any violation of the academic standards. Should you have any questions regarding our Fair Use Policy or become aware of any violations, please do not hesitate to contact us via

Check it out!