Table of contents
- Evolution of Cricket
- LITREATURE REVIEW
- Bibliography And Reference
In a country like India Cricket is not just a game, it’s beyond that. The board of cricket control is considered as the world’s richest cricket sporting body and Indian cricket team as most followed cricket fans in the world. And from the beginning phase of the cricket till now it is playing an immense role in the society of India. This research article studies the impact of cricket on Indian Society. The data regarding the study was collected through observations, previous case studies, and articles. The observation involves a wide number of diversified people all over the nation from different regions, religions, genders, etc. Every coin has two sides likewise the game also has both positive and negative impacts. On the negative side along with game and ball to ball suspense, the betting’s and gambling’s have been promoting even though it's illegal and the study on the positive side also concludes that the game cricket plays a very key role in promoting patriotic conscience among the society.
Cricket a bat and ball battle between two teams of 11 players on either side with a wicket at each end within the middle of the 20-meter pitch. Eleven players on one side like wicketkeeper and bowler and remaining 9 on round the ground and two players on batting side i.e. Striker and Non-striker with three referees i.e. main umpire and leg umpire and third umpire for reviews. The batting side striker faces the ball bowled by a bowler with bat and rotates the striking with non-striker and earns the score whereas bowler tries to dismiss the batsman through bowled, catch stump and run out. Means of dismissal comprise being bowled, once the ball hits the stumps and ejects the bails, and by the fielding side catching the ball once it's hit by the bat, but before it hits the underside. When ten players are dismissed by the bowling side the batting side will choose bowling to dismiss them earlier before not hitting the identical or extra score. If the batting team hits the big score against the bowling team then the Batting side team is stated as winners if the bowling team defends the score by not letting the batting side hit then the bowling team is stated as the winner.
Cricket is that the foremost well-liked sport in India out and away, and is vying nearly everyplace. The Indian cricket crew acquired the 1983 Cricket Championship, the 2007 ICC World Twenty20, the 2011 Cricket Championship, the 2013 ICC Champions Trophy, and shared the 2002 ICC Champions Trophy with Ceylon. The Indian cricket team is additionally registered with the consideration of winning all the ICC tournaments below M.S. Dhoni's leadership, that’s a record. The Indian team shares a gaggle action with the Pakistani team, and India-Pakistan matches the unit of measurement type of the foremost anticipated matches and most-watched tv broadcasts within the world. Whereas cricket is out and off from the foremost well-liked sport within the country although it is not the country's national sport. The domestic competitions help the younger generation to showcase their talent and are available into lime lightweight includes the Ranji Trophy, the Duleep Trophy, the Vijay Hazare Trophy, the Deodhar Trophy, the Iranian Trophy and also the NKP Salve competitor Trophy.
Moreover, the BCCI conducts the Indian Premier League, a Twenty20 rivalry, that is furthermore one in all the biggest game in the world and the principal significant cricket league within the world. Cricket can be an important element of the culture of India. When we address cricket in India its incomplete if IPL wasn’t mentioned.
Evolution of Cricket
1983 Tournament: the ultimate of the 1983 ICC Cricket World Cup was played in Lord's, London on June 25. This was the third back-to-back tournament final appearance for West Indies but they were defeated by India who lifted the first-ever tournament trophy beneath the skipper Kapil Dev. After conquering the planet cup, the craze of cricket met its new heights.
Sachin Era: The master blaster is that the single reason why cricket may be a religion and he's the God of cricket. Every family fancied their son to become like Sachin and play for India.
The Team: During this point, India had the simplest batting line up and Bowling line-up consisting of Sehwag, Sachin, Ganguly, Dravid, Laxman, Yuvraj, Mohammed Kaif with likes of Kumble, Harbhajan, Srinath, Zaheer, Irfan Patan. This team made the youth to be crazier towards the sport.
2007 T-20 World Cup: With the T-20 era it's also the beginning of Dhoni’s era, to start with. India Winning the T-20 tournament was important for the craze of T-20 in India the sort of matches that transpire like Bowl-out against Pakistan which had the very best viewers and first time within the history it was bowl-out, Yuvraj’s Six sixes, Restricting home team- African country to qualify for the Semi-Final, Win against Australia with Sreesanth mocking Hayden, and the Final between Ind vs Pak and for the match ending till last over.
The World Cup Team: Dhoni, Sachin, Sehwag, Gambhir, Yuvaraj, Raina, Kohli, Ashwin, Zaheer Khan, Ashish Nehra, Munaf Patel, Yusuf Pathan, Piyush had rewritten the word “CRICKET” with golden letters.
IPL: Indian premier league which was started in 2008 slowly sort of a slow poison became and influenced almost the states and therefore the world, which has eight teams representing eight famous cities. and through the season of March, April, and will the IPL is that the most-watched live telecast.
India a land of diversity that has 28 States, 8 Union Territories, 1652 Languages, 6 Religion’s, 6000 Castes, and 1.4 billion population with different cultures and traditions but unified as a nation. irrespective of Race, Gender, Ethnicity, Religion entire population cheers for the state united. Cricket plays a key role in everyone’s life in India and together as everyone the society cherishes when it involves the celebration of cricket. the sport has the facility to overthrow anything which will cause a threat to the unity and variety of the state.
And in cricket, there's high grilled suspense of ball to the ball where one ball can change the fate of the win or lose. Many Indians don't seem to be just watching the sport together with the schedule and calendar they're also traveling with emotions and feelings. So, this resulting in status support for betting’s and gambling’s. In India, gambling, and betting considered illegal but still, they're no such rules for online betting. As different states different rules lacking the effectiveness of administration towards betting’s and gambling’s in India. Hence, we will witness billions of rupees floating within the nation while matches are going which are affecting families and increasing debts.
An extensive literature review had been carried out to give an effective output. The literature review had done from the previous Researches, Case Studies, and Published Articles.
In 2002 India had witnessed riots between Hindus and Muslims in Gujarat which led to death and brutal injuries of many people from both sides of the community. But in Post riots, there is a gap between the youth in Gujarat as they were divided according to their communities this led to a serious question for the human rights activists and NGO’s and college Institutions as a big concern. And an initiative taken by the civil society group called Yuva Shakthi to unite the youth of Gujarat. The Initiative was a cricket tournament but with conditions, every team must have equal participants of both religions and the captain and vice-captain should belong to two different communities. When the youth of Gujarat had heard this notification, they were knee-jerked reaction among all the youth but later the tournament had conducted with more than twelve teams which resulted success and in next year the Kapil Dev had invited as a guest and he attended the final match which led the youth happier and more confident. Their idea was to generate cross-religious gatherings and create friendship and fill the gaps within them. And hence we can see the cricket changed the history of Halol a city in Gujarat which has a long epoch of communal violence & hatred and established unity and peace among the youth.
Ashis Nandy's argument that “Cricket is an Indian game accidentally discovered by the English.” The cricket is like a rainbow which has several factors including political identity and geo-economic politics and corporate business but despite all, the Indian people right from the streets to the stadiums whenever are they free will pass their time in the great game by imagination and recreating the shots of famous players. In his book, Chetan Bhagat’s Three Mistakes of My Life Bhagat has tried to expose the problems of youth through Three Mistakes of My Life. Whatever the problems we face in our life, apart from that ‘where there is a will there is a way’, the policy should be applied in our day to day life. Hence problems can be minimized or maximized but fun and madness and craziness of youngsters cannot be defined in words such as People work out their social events, leaves from office, and travel plans tallying with the Indian cricket team's schedule. There are numerous occurrences of Indian cricket fans organizing and involved in poojahs or going on a ceremonial fast on the eve of a final match of an important international sport.
Ramachandra Guha claims that “The institutions that keep us together are those bequests of the British: the Civil Service, the Army, the Railways, and Cricket'. He also points out that it is a pre-industrial game that acts as a “critique of urban industrial society.” Many different authors also propose that the game of cricket remains well within Indian society. The game cricket yields the idea of freedom from independence against the British colonial and the patriotism & national conscience are not from only now perhaps it shares a long history in the unity of the nation.
Sports have a greater effect on society then most people can even fathom. Sports are sometimes a mystical hobby or career choice. The ancient Roman philosopher and author Cicero said if people have the food and entertainment they won't bother about the government and will not rebel against the government. The more somebody thinks about it, the truer it becomes. If the government was to get rid of ESPN or Fox Sports Net and say they can’t afford to have football in America anymore there would be an uproar of fans calling for the overthrown of the government. It’s kind of incredible that people would go to these lengths to get their sports, but people would. Sports always have an effect on society including the fitness and welfare of people.
According to the Gambling statistics of online 40% of the Indian population who have access to the internet are the users of betting websites. India has become a potential goldmine for online gambling operators. This is mainly due to the interest and knowledge they have about the game. Even a committee has submitted its report that India has to legalize the bettings. The illegal betting market in India is worth $150 billion Rs 9.9 lakh crore a year. That includes $200 million bets on every one-day international played by the Indian cricket team, according to Doha-based International Centre for Sports Security, which promotes integrity and security in sports.
According to ESPN, which quoted the Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry FICCI, the Indian betting market is valued at over $60 billion, with cricket accounting for 80 percent of it. So even though the betting is considered as illegal in India except the state of Sikkim as the state governments and union territories are given power for themselves to decide it despite this the impact of cricket on a wider number of people leading to the overflow of money in bettings. Underground betting in cricket has led to two very big scandals, in the year of 2000 involving South African cricket captain Hansie Cronje, and in 2013, when three players in cricket's IPL were arrested. The players were subsequently banned, but there has been a further spin-off from this, which continues. The Supreme Court set up a committee to investigate the BCCI's administration and its structures, with a complete revamp being the conclusion and one which is still being contested.
Emily Crick in this paper that several elements have contributed to the close links between cricket and Indian national consciousness. From a historical perspective, it was a major factor – both as a way of ‘fitting in’ with the British as the Parsi’s and the local rulers desired and as a form of non-violent dissent against the colonisers. These two incomprehensible reasons for taking up the game in pre-Independent India in the late 19th and early 20th centuries demonstrate the complicated role that cricket has engaged in the country. In India, cricket symbolises distinctive things for various people. The bonds among cricket and South Asian national identities are not nevertheless the only links that have constantly fastened cricket on the subcontinent. Once the colonisers left, the game continued to flourish which suggests that the roots are deeper than mere anti-colonial or pro-colonial expression. As discussed in this paper, cricket gratifies the mind of those on the Indian subcontinent. Once the game was established, the media and legislators used cricket as a way of advancing their ratings and reputation. As cricket spread in the national awareness of India, MNCs locked onto it as a way of magnifying their sales personalities. Bollywood also capitalised on the links between anti-colonial feelings and national consciousness, with the movie Lagaan providing the most successful example of this.
The study concludes that there is a special bond between Cricket and Indians which has the power to overthrow anything such as Race, Gender, Ethnicity, Religion which may cause hurt to the integrity and unity of the nation.
Through the in-depth analysis and extensive study of secondary data i.e. journals, articles and case studies it brought to notice that along with growing passion towards game among society due to gambling and bettings and recent outburst of match fixings there are few sections of people losing the interest towards the game.
Among half billion internet users in India, 40% of the population Males mostly are visiting and participating in the online betting websites. Cricket can act as a bridge and helps the government to build patriotism or national conscience among the societies in India. More than 200 million people in India consider Cricket as more than a religion and treats the national cricket players as inspiration, these numbers show the craze of the game among Indians.
With the geopolitics, the spirit of nationalism is increasing with cricket. The India Vs Pakistan match is still holding the record of the world's most-watched sports match. The research also states that unity and diversity are cherished in society more when there is a match between India and any in finals rather than among the famous festivals of the respective religions. And the Cricket also promoting the national interest and goodwill through Internationally which are reflecting the culture and traditions of Indian societies.
Bibliography And Reference
- Yuv Shakti Annual Expression 2006-2007 and Rita Mishra’s Youth Development: Emerging Perspectives, Shipra Publications 2015. https://www.academia.edu/26005224/Cricket_for_Peace_An_effort_by_Youth
- Ashis Nandy, The Tao of Cricket: On games of Destiny and Destiny of Games. Bhagat, Chetan. Three Mistakes of My Life, Rupa publication, 2008.
- Ram Chandra Guha, “The Miracle that is India,” Outlook. https://www.outlookindia.com/magazine/story/the-miracle-that-is-india/234562
- Mr. Rakesh Sejwal in 2014 Impact of Sports On Society. International Res Jour Managt Socio Human. https://www.academia.edu/9837794/IMPACT_OF_SPORTS_ON_SOCIETY
- Doha-based International Centre for Sports Security report on illegal betting market in India published in Hindustan Times https://www.hindustantimes.com/business/with-200-million-on-every-odi-match-illegal-betting-thrives/story-5CDuIIgCrykqM2smIPn7dI.html
- Entertainment & Sports Programming Network article on Which countries allow gambling on sports? Assessing the impact of betting around the world https://www.espn.in/espn/story/_/id/23518003/which-countries-allow-gambling-sports-assessing-impact-betting-world
- Emily Crick 2007 Cricket and Indian National Consciousness by Institute of peace and conflict studies, New Delhi, India. https://www.files.ethz.ch/isn/55142/IPCS-ResearchPaper9-EmilyCrick.pdf