Education is never ending process, which is intricately interwoven with life, enriching the individual with a variety of experience, kindling the flames of knowledge with constant probing into the mysteries of life, within and without. Each educational institution should produce educated, intelligent individuals who can think independently not a mass which can be manipulated.
Rationale for the study – Empirical Evidences for the selected variables.
The research studies conducted so far in the areas of students Parenting, Self-concept, Style of Learning and thinking and correlate of achievement form the basis for setting objectives and hypotheses for the present study. Thus, the critical appraisal of the related studies is presented below
Ukoha (2011) reported that many factors have been blamed for the lack of interest in vocation. Parents today are preoccupied in money making; they have allowed the time they are supposed to be with adolescents to teach value and norms of the society to be spent on watching films and internet programmes. They have allowed their brains to be filled with chunks, leaving other important things of life. Ukoha asserts that environment plays about 50 percent role in influencing what an adolescent learns or becomes.
Whiston and Keller (2004) in their review on the influences of the family on career development concluded that, across the lifespan, both family structure variables such as parents occupations and educational level and family process variables such as warmth, support, attachment and autonomy from parents were found to influence a large number of career constructs.
ii. Self concept
Zakaria (2005) investigated the self concept as motivation for vocational interest. Result indicated no significant differences in the opinion of students on motivation for self concept and vocational interest, arising from the finding was that students education has to be enriched and nourished for them to make realistic vocational interest.
Adenubi (2008) found in his study the self concept is reflected in the way an individual sees himself. The self concept and vocational interest of adolescents depend on how he or she perceives the experiences rather than the parent’s type of occupation. With the knowledge of all these that affect self concept and all that are affected by self concept, one wonders the direction of effect on level of self concept and sex.
iii. Style of Learning and thinking
Sara, Safyanu shuaibu (2007) in the study effects of learning styles on career preferences, observed that students particular learning style greatly affects his choice or preference of one career over the other. It has been also reported that Sex difference in learning style exists among the senior secondary school students in Jigawa State as well as career preference.
Yakasai (1991) reported that in recent times though field dependents and field independents can be found in both sexes, the child rearing practices and religious implications in the study area tends to make both male and female differ in learning style.
Objectives of the study:
To study the effect Parenting, Self concept, Style of Learning and Thinking on Career aspirations of Rural Pre-University Science college Students.
There is no significant interaction effects of parenting (Low and high) , self concept (Low and high), and style of learning and thinking (Low and high) on career aspiration of Rural Pre-University College Science students
Independent Variables to be considered in the study :
- Self concept
- Style of Learning and thinking
Dependent Variable to be considered in the study:
i. Career Aspiration of the students
Research Tools Used for the Study:
· Self concept.
In order to measure this variable, the self concept Rating Scale (SCRS-D) constructed by Pratibha Deo will be used.
· Learning and Thinking Style (SlAT-V)
In order to measure this variable, the Style of Learning and Thinking constructed by D.Venkataraman will be used.
· Career Aspiration (CAS-SA)
In order to measure this variable, the Career Aspiration Scale constructed by Sarita Anand will be used.
In the present study Parenting, which is a independent variable, will be measured by developing an Parenting Tool by the Investigator
Collection of Data
Required data relating to parenting, self concept and Style of Learning and thinking of the students will be obtained by administering Science Parenting, Self concept , Style of Learning and Thinking, Career aspiration among 800 Pre-University Science college students. The investigator will collect the essential data by visiting different Pre-University Science colleges from Bijapur and Bagalkot District. The sex, management and location of the Colleges will be collected through a personal data Proforma.
To test or accomplish the hypothesis the three way ANOVA with interaction design was performed and the results are presented in the table given below.
Table: 3-way ANOVA between self concept (Low and high), parenting (Low and high) and style of learning-thinking (Low and high) on career aspiration of Rural Pre-University College Science students Sources of variation